Taking a Look at Electroencephalography

1104 WordsJan 27, 20184 Pages
The field of neuroscience is rapidly expanding; recent understanding of brain function has expanded the study of infant brains. Novel neuroscientific techniques will enhance treatment, diagnosis, and growth of the infant brain. Interest in the treatment of neurological diseases and cures dates back many years (Wendel, 2010) and with a new focus on the infant brain researchers hope to find answers that will pinpoint major causes of infant brain disorders. Studies on the subject of human brain appear regularly in the fields of psychiatry and neuroscience. Breakthroughs in the field are due primarily to technological advances in brain imaging, with most studies employing at least one kind of brain scan to current research. The five most popular brain-scanning techniques are: Electroencephalography (EEG), Magnetoencephalography (MEG), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Computerized Tomography (CT) (Scanning the brain, n.d., para. 4). EEG, MEG, functional MRI (fMRI), and PET all play important roles in correlating a person’s neural metabolism and the activity of local cranial microvasculature with mental functions (Wolbarst, Capasso, & Wyant, 2013). Both EEG and MEG recordings capture neurophysiologically generated signals with excellent temporal resolution (Wolbarst, Capasso, & Wyant, 2013). Infant brains, however, can be studied with either EEG or MEG. Because EEG is readily available in the neuroscience lab, and we deal solely with

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