Taking a Look at Euthanasia

537 Words Jan 29th, 2018 2 Pages
Euthanasia’s applications include physician-assisted suicide and mercy killing. Advocates claim that patients have the right to choose a quick, dignified death over a life of “suffering.” Suffering encompasses multiple descriptions, from terminal illness to congenital disorders, such as Down Syndrome—even though it is proven that people with such disorders can live a fulfilling life. In opposition to its proponents, Natural Law theorists consider euthanasia immoral.
Natural Law Theory is a normative moral theory that presupposes a teleological view of nature. A teleological view of nature, popularized by Plato and Aristotle, contends that all natural things have purposes and it is natural for them to achieve those purposes. Any interferences on life’s natural purposes, including euthanasia, are erroneous on moral grounds. In addition, the doctrine of double effect clarifies that any positive effects of euthanasia does not outweigh the forbiddances of the action. Essentially, Natural Law protests euthanasia as it interferes with life’s natural purposes and does not meet the criteria for acceptance under the doctrine of double effect.
As a moral theory, Natural Law theory holds that what is moral is consistent with the natural purposes of human nature. Natural Law maintains that euthanasia fails to achieve human purposes, rending the action invalid on a…

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