Taking a Look at Headache Disorders

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Epidemiological research has determined that headache disorders are the most prevalent of all neurological conditions; and have demonstrated that the psychosocial impact of headaches is significant (Shapiro & Goadsby, 2007; Smitherman, McDermott, & Buchanan, 2011). Additionally, migraine is the most prevalent disabling neurological condition which disproportionately affects approximately 17-18% of women (nearly three times more common than in men) during their prime productivity years (Graves, 2006; Shapiro & Goadsby, 2007). Chronic headaches, especially those severe in intensity, result in loss of productivity (i.e. missed days of school or work and/or related activities) and account for an estimated 10 million primary care provider office visits per year (Curry & Green, 2007).
Research on lost productivity in the United States workforce as a result of common health and pain conditions found that the annual direct and indirect economic costs of headache disorders exceeded $31 billion (AHDA, 2014). Migraine is the 12th most disabling disorder in the US, with headache disorders accounting for more than one percent of all disability and nine percent of all lost labor productivity annually in the US (AHDA, 2014). Previous headache research has repeatedly shown that migraine is associated with significant negative impact, including reduced quality of life, impaired functioning, and comorbid psychiatric disorders (Smitherman, McDermott, & Buchanan, 2011). Research in community
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