So what is Hepatitis B and what causes it? This is a liver disease that is normally spread through person to person via contact with the following: blood, semen, body fluids from a person with the virus. Most commonly, this disease unfortunately is spread from the mother to her
One such deadly disease is Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a life threatening liver infection that is caused due to Hepatitis B virus. This virus leads to chronic infection and results in to high risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis B has two types, which have different effect on adults. Acute Hepatitis B occurs for short time. People usually affected by acute virus, get well with the time. On the other hand, there is Chronic Hepatitis B, which causes long time infection and damages liver. This virus spreads through the blood and body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis B is a disease that basically attacks the liver. Hepatitis B is a transmitted disease, meaning you can't get hepatitis B unless a persons bodily fluids has been transmitted from one person to another who isn't affected. You can get hepatitis B by also doing common things that doesn't seem like not a big deal, but leads to a big effect later on. For example, you can get hepatitis B by using another person's razor because if you cut yourself with it and they cut themselves with it as well it could lead to infection and easily into your body. Also by sharing dirty needles and being tattooed and that's's why it is very important to make sure everything is completely sanitized no matter what it is. Depending how badly it is you could cause
Agent - HBV - virus able to cause disease. HBV is a small, double-shelled virus from the family Hepadnaviridae. It is relatively resilient and, in some instances, has been shown that in room temperature continue to be infectious on environmental surfaces about seven days and remain transmissible. (CDC.gov).
Hepatitis B virus was discovered by the man Dr. Baruch S. Blumberg, a Nobel Prize winning biochemist, in 1963 with the help of some of his colleagues and later help discover a helpful vaccine to fight the harmful virus (nytimes). Blumberg looked into studying the inherited traits to see if it could make more or less people to get the Hepatitis B virus (CEVHAP). Hepatitis B can be spread without the person knowing by open wound and can survive at least a week outside its host. Hepatitis is the 10th leading cause of death in the past few years. The virus is found throughout the world and it will continue to spread rapidly.
A “dead” or “watered down” version of the disease is injected into your blood stream from a needle and this will stimulate the bodies immune system to make antibodies that will be able to fight of the disease. Antibodies will form and these will protect the body from the hepatitis disease if your body comes into contact with the disease. Your body will “remember” how to make these antibodies so if you do come in contact with Hepatitis B later on your body will already know how to fight it off. Other ways to stop the spread of Hepatitis B include washing your hands thoroughly after any potential exposure to the virus or its carrier ,avoiding direct contact with blood and other bodily fluids that are infected with the virus, cleaning up blood spills with a fresh diluted bleach solution as soon as possible, avoiding sharp objects like razors that have been used by someone else and not sterilized properly, avoiding illegal drugs and always make sure that needles are sterilized before using them. The science community is helping to keep the spread of Hepatitis B by developing the vaccines used and the government is providing the community with a way to stop the spread of hepatitis by giving theses vaccines to all high school aged children and babies when the have been born. The vaccines that have been developed to stop hepatitis b are stopping lots of people from getting extremely sick or ill. Hepatitis can not be spread by touching another person unless bodily fluids are exchanged so it is a good idea to make sure that when touching another person you where gloves and keep all contact between people to a
This virus was found by a doctor named Mario Rizzetto. He came up with the antigen that was found in the in the liver cells of some patients that had been infected with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). According to research 850,000 people in the U.S. are estimated to be living with hepatitis B. The actual number may be as high as 2.2 million or as low as 730,000. Hepatitis D itself, the number is unknown, but it does coexist with Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B is transmitted when blood, semen, or another body fluid from a person infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. This can happen through sexual contact; sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment, or even from mother to baby at birth. For some people, hepatitis B is an acute, or short-term, illness but for others, it can become a long-term, chronic infection. In addition, some people, especially adults, are able to clear, or get rid of the virus without treatment. People who clear the virus become immune and cannot get infected with the Hepatitis B virus
In its chronic form, HBV infection may destroy the liver through a scarring process, called cirrhosis, or it may lead to cancer of the liver. When a person is infected by HBV, the virus enters the bloodstream and body fluids, and is able to pass through tiny breaks in the skin, mouth, or the male or female genital area. There are several ways of getting the infection: During birth, a mother with hepatitis B may pass HBV on to her infant. Contact with infected blood is a common means of transmitting hepatitis B. One way this may happen is by being stuck with a needle. Both health care workers and those who inject drugs into their veins are at risk in this way Having sex with a person infected by HBV is an important risk factor (especially anal sex). Although there are many ways of passing on HBV, the virus actually is not very easily transmitted. There is no need to worry that casual contact, such as shaking hands, will expose one to hepatitis B. There is no reason not to share a workplace or even a restroom with an infected
The Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a species of the genus Orthohepadnavirus that is transmitted via blood and bodily fluids. It affects the liver by causing a wide range of diseases, “from acute hepatitis (including fulminant hepatic failure), to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and potentially hepatocellular carcinoma” (Liang, 2009).
The difference in regards to how a Hepatitis B epidemic is dealt with depends on if it’s a developing country where this disease is currently prohibitively high and vaccines are readily available. For example, in United States, if a mother tests positive, the newborn is then vaccinated following delivery to prevent transmission. Additionally, this is a government requirement for children that are staring daycare or school
The genetic material of the hepatitis B virus then becomes a permanent part of the plant cells. As the banana plant grows, the non-infectious gene of the virus produces protein, and this modified version of the plant is now capable of creating the new protein in all the bananas it produces.
Hepatitis B is a harmful liver infection spread through the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the blood or other bodily fluids. Having over six months of symptoms characterizes chronic hepatitis B, which increases the risk of liver failure, cancer, and cirrhosis. However, vaccines and contraceptives are available to help prevent getting hepatitis B. But as of today, there’s no official cure.
Hepatitis B is the swelling of your liver that is caused by Hepatitis B Virus. This infection has two different categories. There is one that occurs over a 6 month time period, which is called Acute Hepatitis B. This infection is more common in adults, whereas Chronic Hepatitis B is usually found in juveniles, that were born with it, and lasts their whole lives. Chronic Hepatitis B is also called “The silent killer.” In the world, two billion people have been infected with Acute Hepatitis B. That is approximately one out of every three people. Four hundred million people are chronically infected, and about one million die each year.
Individuals with inactive hepatitis B surface antigen are referred to as chronic carriers. These individuals may not show clinical signs of the disease. They do not exhibit raised levels of AST and ALT, but they tend to have low viral loads (Zein & Edwards, 2009). Individuals with HBeAg positive or negative tend to exhibit higher viral loads and they are both contagious (Zein & Edwards, 2009). Individuals who are HBeAg negative do not have the antigen themselves, but are still able to spread the disease to others. Individuals who have resolved chronic hepatitis B are less likely to develop liver cancer or cirrhosis and their AST, ALT, and