Taking a Look at Organic Farming

598 WordsJan 25, 20182 Pages
In recent years, there has been a huge conversion by farmers from conventional to organic farming due to the increased demand by consumers for products that are produced with fewer synthetic chemicals and hormones. The Center for American Progress estimated an increase of approximately 17 billion dollars from 23 billion dollars in 2002 to 40 billion dollars in 2006 (Center for Progress, 2008). As opposed to conventional farming, which uses chemical fertilizers, pesticide sprays, and herbicides, organic farming requires that farmers comply with the regulations and standards set by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) such as requiring the crops be produced and handled without synthetic, prohibited non-synthetic, and non-agricultural substances and ingredients as well as unapproved vaccines, ionizing radiation, and sewage sludge (USDA Code of Federal Regulations). Table 1 includes a list of what practices are permitted in conventional and organic farming as stipulated by the USDA. The objective of this analysis is to firstly look at the sustainability, which is defined in this report using the Environmental Protection Agency’s definition which is the creation and maintenance of conditions under which human and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations (EPA), of the production and cultivation or crops under organic practices, excluding the handling of livestock,
Open Document