Taking a Look at Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental disorders. The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies the disorder as the 7th greatest cause of disability in terms of disability-adjusted life-years worldwide affecting about 24 million people worldwide (Frangou, 2008). Many individuals around the world are affected by this disorder directly and indirectly. This paper looks at Schizophrenia assessing its epidemiology, history, diagnosis, symptoms, causes, and treatment drawing support from relevant sources.
The term Schizophrenia is derived from two Greek words, skhizein meaning “to split” and phren meaning “mind” hence the common misconception that the disorder equates to split personality. The disorder can also be traced to Egypt in second millennium before Christ. However, these ancient understanding of this disorder are nothing close to the modern understanding of schizophrenia (Delisi, 2008). In fact, during that time, there were no unique factors that would differentiate schizophrenia from other psychotic disorders. Such psychotic and mental disorders were all grouped as one and were thought to be caused by possession by evil spirits. The modern understanding of the disorder came about at the beginning of the 20th century (NIMH, 2014).
Dr. Emile Kraeplin was the first to classify the symptoms that are currently associated with schizophrenia as a unique disorder in 1887. However, he used the term dementia praecox rather than schizophrenia. He identified two forms of

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