Taking a Look at Schizophrenia

997 Words Jan 31st, 2018 4 Pages
It is commonly mistaken for “multiple personality” or “split personality” due to the Greek origin of its name skhizein and phren, meaning “to split” and “mind” respectively. However, the more common symptoms of schizophrenia are hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thought. This paper will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments of schizophrenia.
Causes of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can arise from biological and environmental factors. Genetics are thought to play a role in the development of schizophrenia. It is currently unknown which genes are specifically involved in causing schizophrenia, but the it has been observed that the more genetically similar someone is to a person with schizophrenia, the more risk there is of developing it (King).
Other biological factors influencing schizophrenia are abnormalities in the brain structure itself. It has been observed with magnetic resonance imaging that individuals affected with schizophrenia have larger ventricles than unaffected individuals. Enlarged ventricles indicate brain tissue deterioration because ventricles are just fluid filled spaces found the brain. Affected individuals have also been observed to have a smaller prefrontal cortex than unaffected individuals. The prefrontal cortex is the area of the brain responsible for thinking, planning, and making decisions. Therefore, a smaller prefrontal cortex results in…

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