Taking a Look at Sleep Apnea

1142 WordsJan 31, 20185 Pages
Sleep Apnea is a chronic sleep disorder causing shallow, infrequent or pauses in breathing. According to the National Sleep Foundation, sleep apnea affects more than 18 million Americans and is as common as type two diabetes. Common in both children and adults, there are three main types of sleep apnea. The first is central apnea, followed by the most common form, obstructive apnea and finally the combination of both, mixed/ complex apnea. Although these three types of apnea have differing symptoms and treatments, they all share negative effects on the body and sleep cycles. The quality of sleep is usually lower than normal, as the pauses in breathing can often bring apnea patients from a deep to a shallow slumber, as the body’s natural warning for oxygen. This lack of deep sleep can also cause drowsiness and fatigue during the daytime in addition to eyesight problems and reduced reaction times. Sleep apnea, occurring in both children and adults is higher in prevalence in Hispanic and African-American men. Central Apnea occurs in patients that experience repeated shallow or absent breathing from 10 to 30 seconds that occurs throughout the duration of the night. This is caused by an imbalance in the brains respiratory controls, foregoing inhalation and creating high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood stream. Patients with central apnea also tend to experience a delayed response to monitor respiratory rates. Although the body may be deprived of oxygen, there are no

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