Taking a Look at Types of Disasters

1175 WordsJan 29, 20185 Pages
According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (n.d), the definition of disaster is known as: “an unexpected, catastrophic event that extremely disturbs the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and environmental losses that go beyond the community’s ability to handle using its own resources.” In addition, the disaster could be classified into two category which are the natural disaster and also human made disaster. First, a natural disaster is known as the naturally occurring event or changes in natural phenomenon that has disastrous impacts towards the society. The extent of loss vary to the vulnerability of the population, and also the scope and intensity of the disaster. Examples for natural disasters are earthquake, typhoon, volcanic eruptions, flood and so on. Conversely, human made disaster is known as the event that often caused by the negligence or human error which lead to a disastrous impacts towards the society. Example of human made disasters are technological hazards such as nuclear weapons, transportation hazards like airplane crash, and so on. Ten years ago, there was a massive undersea earthquake which known as the Sumatra Andaman earthquake that occurred at 26 December 2004. The earthquake was classified as natural disaster that caused by the movement of tectonic plates under the ocean which lead to a series of destructive tsunamis that hit and impacted 14 countries in total. Moreover,
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