Taking a Look at Urinary Incontinence

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Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the important underreported problems that leads to serious impact on physical, psychological and social well-being. According to research urinary incontinence guideline panel UI is defined as involuntary loss or leakage of urine which occurs when bladder pressure surpasses urethral pressure (Porth, 2014). With a knowingly higher incidence in females than males, this syndrome is a combination of age related changes and pathology of genitourinary system (Workman & Ignatavicius, 2013). Considering the frequent prevalence of UI, it is very essential for nurses to get education and this clinical update about pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment available. Aetiology UI is mainly related with older people, affecting more elderly females than males with a ratio of 2:1 (Miller & Miller, 2011). Study done by Vaughan, Goode, Burgio and Markland (2011) discovered 30 to 60 percent of women and 10-35 percent of men who are more than 65 years of age suffered from UI. Another study revealed that percentage of UI in young women is 12.8 percent in one year as compared to 46 percent between ages of 50-60 in last one month who either experienced stress or urge incontinence (Botlero, Urquhart, Davis & Bell, 2008). Scemons (2013) found that nearly 43-77 percent of people living in nursing homes and community, affected by UI. It can also occurred in infants and postpartum in women. Figure 1 shows normal structure of

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