Taking a Look at the European Renaissance Essays

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The foundation for the concept of modern humanism was established during the Renaissance in Europe, which took place during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The European Renaissance indicates a milestone in the shift of the human thought process. During this time period, people became less focused on matters of theism and more focused on exercising philosophies of reason, individuality, and learning. Numerous people developed an interest in a philosophy known as humanism, also referred to as humanistic studies or the humanities, which challenged the structure of society, especially when considering the role of the church. Such ideas sparked responses from a multitude of people that were beginning to doubt the arrangement of European…show more content…
Humanists believed that this ancient literature could reveal what was needed to live a moral and effective life, as well as serve as a model for Latin style. Knowledge of the classics was coveted and pursued by the intellectuals of Europe. The revival of ancient Greek and Roman texts, as well as the spread of humanistic ideals, during this time period could not have been accomplished effectively without certain advancements in technology that occurred during the Renaissance.
The humanist movement spread throughout Europe with incredible speed and sparked a number of changes in society. The Gutenberg Printing Press was instrumental in the spread of humanistic philosophy throughout Europe. During this time period there was an explosion of printed materials and by the year 1500, around forty thousand titles and approximately eight to ten million copies had been printed. These changes, though arguably inevitable, might not have proceeded with such momentum without the aid of several key individuals that aided in the expansion of humanist ideals. Francesco Petrarca, commonly referred to as Petrarch, is considered to be the father of modern humanism. However, one might not think this of Petrarch when taking his solitary nature into account. Petrarch was a member of the Stoic faction of humanists. This group of humanists relied on reason alone to achieve gratification. Though Petrarch was a member of this group, he never really
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