Taking a Look in Tay-Sachs Disease

952 Words Feb 2nd, 2018 4 Pages
The inside of the cell is comprised of multiple subunits called organelle that all function together to maintain homeostasis and function. Each individual organelle is assigned a specific task and purpose for the cell. These tasks and purposes can range from structural support all the way to the disposal of malfunctioning organelle.1 Similarity to a machine, if one part stops functioning to full potential, serious if not fatal consequences can be faced. A shining example of the effects of a malfunctioning organelle occurs in Tay-Sachs disease. Tay- Sachs disease is a lysosomal disorder that is caused by a faulty lysosome.1 Recent studies and research have been investigating the causes and pathways Tay-Sachs disease with great success, which is amazing news for the scientific community.
Lysosomes are membranous sacs of enzymes that are typically are involved in the digestion of cellular macromolecules. They are made by both the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex. Lysosomes have various roles, including the recycling of the cell's organic material and in the intracellular digestion of macromolecules. The digestion of macromolecules is carried out through an intense concentration of enzymes. To be specific, lysosomes contain close to 50 different degrading enzymes that are capable of hydrolyzing proteins, DNA, RNA, polysaccharides, and lipids within the cell.1 All of lysosomal enzymes are acid hydrolases,…

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