Taking a look at Islam

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Fridays is the Muslim day of congregational worship in a Mosque. Women may worship at home or in a Mosque but men and women worship separately. The leader of the Mosque is called an Imam, or “one who leads”. The Imam is chosen by virtue of his sincerity and dedication and leads the prayers and sermons. The Muslim calendar is lunar as far as setting festival dates; the month begins with the appearance of the moon and they vary in length from 29 to 30 days. The lunar year is 10 to 11 days shorter than the solar year and therefore Ramadan starts 10 to 11 days earlier every year. Over a 30 year cycle, Ramadan occurs in the winter, fall, summer and spring. In addition to Ramadan, the other two months that are sacred to the Muslim faith are the months of Muharram and the month of Dhul-Hijja. The month of Muharram is sacred because it marks the beginning of the new Muslim year and the month of Dhul-Hijja is sacred because this is the month that the pilgrimage (Pilgrimage to Makkah) is made-being one of the Islamic Pillars of faith. (Poling 1980, 152-163) Islamic Denominations There are two main denominations or Schools of Islam: the first being the minority sect of the Shia’ School and the second being the majority sect called the Sunni School. Essentially, after the death of Muhammad (peace be upon him), there had been no appointed heir or successor to lead the Islamic people. The man Abu-Bakr was a close companion of Muhammad and had been praised as being
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