Talent Identification Essay

1213 Words5 Pages
Millions of children worldwide participate in a multitude of sports, either in school or outside of school. As they grow older, they get better, but some of them stop playing. We have discussed that the best and sometimes oldest of the kids (in their age groups) are given more chances and more opportunities, as well as better coaching. This results in them gaining more experience and practice. Ultimately, some of them end up being national or world-class athletes competing and representing their country. In order for that to happen, they have to be recognized as talented and be presented with a chance to become great. There are talent identification programs (TIP) which aim to find the future star athletes. Scientists have researched…show more content…
The other test often used is sprinting, tracking both speed and acceleration of the athletes. The two tests are used frequently because they are easy to conduct and they are found to be correlated. The problem with the tests is that the correlation ranges from 0.42 to 0.72 (Pearson 284). At the upper limit, there is a relatively strong positive correlation, but the lower limit shows a weak positive correlation. This means that although some relationship does exist between springing and jumping, it is not very conclusive. Pearson and colleagues conclude that “frequently, physiological tests report acceptable reliability but few have proven predictability in talent identification. The effect of maturation on physiological testing makes prediction of adult performance from adolescent data difficult” (285). In a way, talent identification is kind of like fortune telling, although sometimes right, it is many times wrong. A different approach to finding and cultivating talent are talent development programs (TDP). TDP relies on giving children leagues and opportunity to practice, thus develop their talent and increase their ability of performing in a given sport or domain. However, many TDPs are based on chronological age rather than biological age (Vaeyens 704). That means that many sport teams have cut off dates based on the children’s birthdate, not their maturity, or ability. As previously discussed, this leads to the relative age effect and having athletes with
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