Tamil Grammar in Easy English

11019 Words Aug 25th, 2013 45 Pages
Thamil Paadanool (Draft Version)

by Elango Cheran

Pronouns / Simple Sentences
Pronouns
Singluar 1st Person 2nd Person Plural
I

ehd; eP ePq;fs; mtd; mts; mtu; mJ

ehk; ehq;fs; ePq;fs;

we (listener included) we (listener not included)

you you (with respect) he she he/she (respect) it

you

3rd Person

mtu;fs; mit

they

they ("those things")

Singular / Plural
Singular means that a word refers to only 1 thing. Plural means that a word refers to more than 1 thing.

1st, 2nd, & 3rd Person
First person speech means the person speaking is talking about him/herself as an individual ("I...") or in a group ("we..."). In Thamil, ehk; is used when the person who is being spoken to is included in the group. ("Are we there yet?") ehq;fs; is used
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(Verb suffixes are also known as PGN or PNG suffixes.) The table below shows pronouns and the corresponding verb suffixes:

Singluar Pronoun 1st Person 2nd Person Verb Suffix

Plural Pronoun Verb Suffix

ehd; eP ePq;fs; mtd; mts;

-Vd; -Ma; -<u;fs; -Md; -Ms; -Mu; -mJ
(past/present tense)

ehk; ehq;fs; ePq;fs;

-Xk; -Xk; -<u;fs;

mtu;fs;

-Mu;fs;
N/A* (past/present tense)

3rd Person

mtu; mJ

-ck; (future tense) mit

-ck; (future tense) *Present tense verbs used with mit are made differently. Since

mJ and mit present quite a few excpetions, verbs with mJ, mit http://www.unc.edu/~echeran/paadanool 4 January 2, 2004

Thamil Paadanool (Draft Version)

by Elango Cheran

will be taught later. If the subject of the sentence isn't a pronoun, then the subject will have a related pronoun. Then the verb suffix corresponding to the related prnoun is added to the verb. Ex: verb suffix for fkyh = Ms; verb suffix for mts; = Ms; verb suffix for kzp = Md; verb suffix for mtd; = Md;

Some Weak Verbs

tpisahL J}q;F cl;fhu; thq;F XL
Some Strong Verbs

play sleep sit buy, receive run

gb nfhL ghu; epid

read give see think

http://www.unc.edu/~echeran/paadanool

5

January 2, 2004

Thamil Paadanool (Draft Version)

by Elango Cheran

Verbs - Present Tense
Present Tense
The present tense refers to a sentence where the action is currently taking place. Examples of present tense sentences are "He runs", "She reads", and "They play". Turning a verb root into
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