Tanks in World War I

544 WordsJan 28, 20182 Pages
The Great War, also known as The First World War, was a war that affected most of Europe and great part of America, Africa and Asia. Though it didn’t achieve much and caused the death of many, it did give a ground for warfare technology to be created. Poison gas, aircraft, machine guns, and submarines were some of the new inventions tested during this period of war. Tanks were also created in this war, and were a very necessary invention especially for Europeans. British, Austrians, Russians, Germans, and French had previously created fighting vehicles that could transport artillery and people through normal terrain, but not through trenches, which made a great part of the Western Front. Any new technology for transportation was received, and the British were the ones that came out with the idea of tanks. In 1914, the British Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Swinton, proposed the idea of a new fighting vehicle When he presented his idea to the government, and the Royal Navy supported his idea. It came from the development of farming vehicles that could cross difficult land easily by using caterpillar tracks. By June 9th, 1915, an agreement with the characteristics of this new vehicle were defined, it should have: “a top speed of 4 mph on flat land, the ability to turn sharply at top speed, the ability to climb a 5-feet parapet, the ability to cross an 8-feet gap and a working radius of 20 miles.” With all these conditions, an armored combat vehicle that moved on chain tracks was
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