5. What is tardive dyskinesia, and how does it respond to a reduction in the dose of an antipsychotic drug? Rhythmic, repetitive sucking and smacking of the lips and thrusting of the tongue in and out; movement of arms, fingers and toes, reversal is possible if lower dose is given immediately. (Hart & Ksir, p. 173)
Since our justice system is designed to punish those who have deliberately chosen to do something wrong, there is a defence for those who have a “disease of the mind” (Verdun-Jones, Criminal Law in Canada, 2015, p. 206) because they, technically speaking, did not choose to do so in their right mind. Such defence is the defence of “not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder” (Verdun-Jones, Criminal Law in Canada, 2015, p. 204). As stated in section 16(1) of the Criminal Code (Carswell, 2015):
The ethics of research can be complicated in any case, but become especially hard to work through regarding the inclusion of people without mental competency to make their own decisions. This is particularly true in the case of mental illness because the loss of competency isn’t always as easy to define for a mentally ill person. As a result of this, researchers must be cautious when considering how to go about testing drugs on the mentally ill. Any drug trial, even one with possible therapeutic benefits, is potentially harmful to its participants. Further consideration is needed to determine if the possible harms of placing a potentially non-consenting participant outweigh the benefits of the trial.
In the case of a patient who is mentally ill, rule utilitarianism best describe why hospitalizing the patient against his or her will should be allowed. Before admitting the patient, he or she must meet a set of criteria that the state created. For California, some criteria include refusal of receiving treatment when advised by the doctor, ideations of harming self or others and being mentally incompetent (Involuntary). Through observations from personal clinical experiences, many patients who were admitted fitted these criteria as some are harm risk, while others were mentally incompetent.
Final Case Conceptualization Client Demographics, History, and Presenting Problem D.D. is a 50-year-old, African American male presenting with a number of anxiety and depressive symptoms. The client reports that he came to counseling for “extra support and someone to talk to.” D.D. has been struggling with mental health issues since he was young. Since the age of 15 he has been hospitalized on and off for “hearing voices.” In the early 1980’s he was diagnosed with schizophrenia and prescribed Risperdal to treat the symptoms. Since then, D.D. has been in a variety of mental health settings, including hospitals, day programs, and outpatient treatment. The client has an extensive alcohol and drug use history that he believes impacted his Schizophrenia. In the early 1980’s the client would use alcohol every day “to avoid the voices,” drinking “anything he could get his hands on.” He was also heavily involved with drugs at that time and regularly used marijuana, PCP, cocaine, and heroine. In 2000, the client was sentenced to eight years in jail for four bank robberies. While in jail, D.D. received mental health treatment and alcohol and drug treatment, which was greatly beneficial. When the client was released from jail in 2008, he was drug and alcohol free and was taken off of Risperdal.
Though the mentally ill believe that they deserve to have their health record reversed by the
This capability might just incorporate pertinent protests to the utilization of organic treatments. Studies have shown that schizophrenia, to name only one illustration, is in no way, shape or form an all inclusive impeding condition for which the capacity to agree to treatment must be consequently addressed or denied. It goes ahead to state a "mental hindrance is a mental or mental issue. Cases incorporate mental impediment, passionate or psychological instability, and natural cerebrum disorder." law) (in England, as indicated by the Mental Health Act 1983) a condition of captured or inadequate advancement of brain, which incorporates critical weakness of insight and social working and is related with unusually forceful or genuinely untrustworthy lead the most minimal standard of "dominance of the confirmation.
Entering the taboo world of mental illness, stigmatized as the crazy and psychotic by decades of
In 2011 New York made law known as the “SHU Exclusion Law”. The law states that if there are 200 inmates have been moved from solitary into special mental health units’ hundreds of others remain in isolation because of questions over their diagnosis. The law 's prohibition applies only to those with “serious mental illness,” including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. The prisoners can’t pay for the treatment that they are getting because they are in jail so they can’t work so the taxpayer has to pay for their treatment that they need. For the people that have a mental illness that are in prison there is not that many that are diagnosis. There is a lot of them that have a mental illness that is not diagnosis.
Deinstitutionalization, the name given to the policy of moving people with serious brain disorders out of large state institutions and then permanently closing part or all of those institutions, has been a major contributing factor to increased homelessness, incarceration and acts of violence. By moving these people the responsibility of
The mentally ill have not been allowed basic human rights in most of history. The methods of treatment in the early ages ranged from drilling their skulls to exorcisms. They were usually left to their family’s care and were hidden, abused, restrained, and even abandoned. They were isolated and treated as if they had done something wrong when nothing was their fault. Even today, the mentally ill are ridiculed and not given proper treatment whether it be in asylums, prison, and even general society. There is no excuse for this mistreatment of the mentally ill, but there might be an explanation.
In fact. soon after the passing of this act and other similar ones, the amount of mentally ill being labeled as criminals doubled. Prison psychiatrists reported more and more mentally ill patients in prisons after deinstitutionalization, yet they were legally restricted from providing medication or registering them into institutions where they could be treated. To further explain why institutions and involuntary commitment is necessary, Torrey states, "in examining records of these arrests [of mentally ill patients], researchers often find a direct relationship between the person's mental illness and the [awkward] behavior that led to apprehension” ("Deinstitutionalization: A Psychiatric Titanic"). Out of the people diagnosed with schizophrenia, some especially have trouble dealing with others in public because they may unintentionally view others as a threat during episodes of "delusions of persecution" in which they become paranoid thinking people are hunting them down. Specific case studies on severely mentally ill individuals living without hospital monitor show repetitive arrests for “disorderly conduct” due to their lack of ability to control their own behavior during these
However, many individuals who may be mentally infirm or were committed to a psychiatric facility could keep on being fit for directing and controlling their own medical care, including the privilege to consent to treatment or to refuse treatment; legal requirements vary with jurisdiction, so physicians should be generally familiar
As a mental health advocate, for someone that is mentally ill, that has been caught in a criminal activity that was committed at the time the offense it has to be proven that the person who had committed the crime has been declared mentally ill at the time the crime was committed.
Summary The patient is a 28-year-old female referred to Winnebago Mental Health Institute Out-Patient Resource Center from a Psychiatric Hospital after 2 months in-patient treatment. She has a 10-year history of mental health problems and received a diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2015. At the time of the referral Susan was single with no children. During her in-patient treatment, she had been prescribed an antipsychotic medication (thorazine) to assist in reduction of her perceived anxiety, potential aggressive behaviors, and to assist in decreasing hallucinations that she is currently experiencing ( Drugs.com, 2015). There had been no noted presenting problems regarding her physical health during this process and is observed to be in good