Tartuffe Essay

2202 Words Sep 4th, 2008 9 Pages
Theme of Deception in Tartuffe

Throughout time, man has used many forms of deception to get what they want. Moliere’s play Tartuffe is a classical story about deception and how a “mask” is used to hide someone’s true intentions. Moliere applies the idea of a mask and a theme of deception to exploit the power struggles within a traditional household. The character Tartuffe employs deception so he can achieve social and economical standings while Elmire, Mariane, and Dorine use deception to defy the authority of Orgon over the entire household and to help bring back family harmony.
In the play Tartuffe, one of fundamental theme is deception. The biggest hypocrite in this play is the character named Tartuffe. He is able to create a
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In two different scenes, a character hides so he can listen in on a conversation of two other between two other individual. One instance is when Damis stands in a closet as Tartuffe expresses his yearning and passion for Orgon’s wife. Elmire tells him, “Your declaration is most gallant, Sir, but don’t you think it’s out of character? You’d have done better to restrain your passion and think before you spoke in such a fashion. It ill becomes a pious man like you…” (Lawall 338). Then Tartuffe comes back with, “I may be pious, but I’m human too… My keen concern for my good name insures the absolute security of yours; in short, I offer you, my dear Elmire, love without scandal, pleasure without fear” (Lawall 338). Damis is enraged and says, “Now I have my long-awaited chance to punish his deceit and arrogance, and give my father clear and shocking proof of the clack character of his dear Tartuffe” (Lawall 339). He then tells his father, “You’ve just now been repaid with interest for all your loving –kindness to our guest. He’s proved his warm and grateful feelings toward you; It’s with a pair of horns he would reward you. Yes, I surprised him with your wife, and heard his whole adulterous offer, every word” (Lawall 340). It seems that Moliere condemns the use of deception on Tartuffe’s part. Although, he seems to imply that, within the play,
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