Taylorism

999 Words4 Pages
Describe and critique the Scientific Management approach pioneered by Frederick Taylor.

1.0 Executive Summary
This article is a reflective paper on Frederick Winslow Taylor’s theory “The Principles of Scientific Management” published in 1911. The paradigm of scientific management focuses on production workers efficiency by breaking down every action, job, or task into small and simple segments that can be easily performed with minimal skills and without acquired knowledge (Taylor, 1911).
Taylor, often known as “father of scientific management” (Barkley, 1969), with his standardization of scientific methodology, unquestionably, set the foundation for unprecedented scale of factory output from United States in the early 20th century.
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The influence of Taylor’s philosophy as described by management guru, Peter Drucker, was "the most powerful as well as the most lasting contribution America has made to Western thought since the Federalist Papers." (Peter Drucker, 1954).
George Ritzer in his book “The McDonaldization of Society” notes a similar philosophy in a McDonalds staff manual.
In many ways McDonalds is the archetypical example of an organization employing Scientific Management in production. Within this restaurant chain, uniformity is complete; no matter what country you are in every branch of McDonalds is the same, as are the methods used to prepare food, clean floors, promote staff and lock up on closing. It is this ability to efficiently supply standard food and service throughout the world that has allowed McDonalds to become the biggest restaurant chain on the planet (Peters and Waterman 1982, p. 173-174).
Another theory that is rooted based on the scientific management model is Fordism. The theory combined the idea of the moving assembly line together with Taylor�s systems of division of labor and piece rate payment. With Fordism, jobs are automated or broken down into unskilled or semi-skilled tasks.
Gilberths Time and Motion Study

1.4 Conclusion
The scientific management practices Taylor implemented have a major impact on worldwide quality standards. Without doubt the principles have shaped the fundamentals of management practices in today complex
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