Teaching Disabilities And Academic Learning Disabilities

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Learning disabilities are characterized by their diversity more than by any other factor. You can divide the disabilities into two categories: developmental learning disabilities and academic learning disabilities. Developmental learning disabilities are disabilities in functions that are considered needed for learning like attention, perception, memory, thinking (cognitive), and oral language. Attention applies to selective attention, ability to select and focus on relevant things, and sustained attention, the ability to maintain attention over time. Students who have undeveloped attention skills will have a difficult time learning effectively. Memory affects short and/or long-term memory and could be attributed to problems in storing and retrieving information on demand. Thinking can affect a learner’s ability to solve problems and store information. Lastly, oral language includes the ability to listen effectively and express themselves orally. Academic learning disabilities are problems in topics taught in school like math, reading, spelling, and writing. Eligibility for special education is considered by discrepancies that are found in oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skills, reading comprehension, math calculations, and math reasoning. IDEA changed it to where school districts are no longer required to take into account a severe discrepancy between ability and achievement. Congress is encouraging school districts to use
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