Teaching, Learning, And Learning

2810 Words12 Pages
The learning process is a highly complex one - no two children will learn in the exact same way. It is, therefore, important to understand how young people learn in order to use effective teaching strategies in the classroom which, in turn, will result in effective learning (Hallam & Ireson, 1999). There are a variety of different ways to learn and different theories underpinning it, this essay will consider three different learning approaches - behaviourism, constructivism and social constructivism, the change in teaching style from a traditional, didactic manner to an active approach and look at two different pedagogies – cooperative learning and outdoor learning, mainly fieldwork, that can be used to aid and support learning in Geography. Following this, the essay will argue how effective pedagogy can aid the teaching of one key aspect within the Geography curriculum, in this case Weather, and how this can be taught through the two pedagogies discussed in this essay.
Teaching and learning traditionally followed a behaviourist approach. This theory considers the learner to be tabula rosa (a blank slate), thus, people learn through experience whereby a positive or negative experience will create a certain response or behaviour, therefore, learning from reward or punishment. It is the change in behaviour that enhances learning. This theory places the learner in a passive role and the teacher decides on all aspects of the lesson, subsequently, giving the learner little choice
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