Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus

1897 WordsDec 3, 20118 Pages
Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus Bonny York Jacksonville University Nursing 342 October 10 2011 Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus 1 The Identified Learning Need Patients with diabetes have very comprhensive learning needs. The learning needs are focused on managing their glucose levels and preventing complications of diabetes. Learning needs for the patient with diabetes are complex and include: monitoring blood glucose levels, menu planning, exercise, medications, skin care, management of co-existing disease processes, knowledge of medications, knowledge of the disease process and…show more content…
The teaching session should include a review of the different types of oral diabetic agents as well as the different types of insulins and how to mix insulins. Teach the patient about self -administration of insulin or oral agents prescribed, and the importance of taking medications exactly as prescribed (Davis, 2001). Provide the Teaching Plan for Diabetes Mellitus 6 patient with a list of signs and symptoms of hypo/hyperglycemia and actions to take in each situation. Have the patient relate to you the correct way to take the prescribed medication and if insulin is ordered to demonstrate self-administration. Complications from Diabetes Teaching regarding the complications encountered from diabetes should stress the effect of blood glucose control on long-term health (McGovern, 2002). The patient should be taught how to watch for diabetic effects on the cardiovascular system, such as CVA, CADaught to be alert for signs of urinary tract infection, respiratory tract infections and signs of renal disease. Assessment for signs of diabetic neuropathy should also be included in the teaching plan. Diabetes is also the leading cause of new blindness (McGovern, 2002). Patients should also be taught the importance of cessastion of smoking, cholesterol and lipid management, blood pressure monitoring, the effects of alcohol consumption on diabetes, and management of other disease
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