Technology Has Made Our Lives

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According to Pew Research Center (2015), 91 percent of Americans own cell phones. For people under the age of 44, the number is closer to 97 percent. 64 percent of those phones are smartphones. With these phones, we have the world at our fingertips. We can shop on Amazon and Ebay, get live news updates, and get in touch with our “friends” from all around the globe on Facebook. Our cell phones have replaced calculators, cameras, and alarm clocks. If we want to track our calories, there is an app for that. If we want to make a music setlist to listen to while we are burning those calories, there is an app for that too. Do you want to know who that actor is in the western movie you saw on TV? Google it, or you can ask Siri.…show more content…
With as many years as gambling has been a problem for certain Americans, it is safe say that perhaps the APA is extremely cautious before deciding to label any compulsive behavior an addiction. The main problem with classifying extreme cell phone use as an addiction is being able to neatly fit it into the three key features of addictive behaviors: loss of control, tolerance, and withdrawal. While many people express these feelings in questionnaires, it is far from scientific evidence.

Billieux, Maurage, Lopez-Fernandez, Kuss, & Griffiths (2015) state that “Despite accumulating evidence that mobile phone use can become problematic and lead to negative consequences, its precise incidence, prevalence, and symptomatology remain a matter of much debate.” These researchers use the term “Problematic Mobile Phone Use” or PMPU. They state that, although many scholars believe that PMPU is a behavioral addiction, evidence is still lacking that either confirms or rejects this claim.

According to James Roberts, a marketing professor at Baylor University who has conducted several studies on the topic of cell phone addiction (2014), the average college student uses a smartphone for about nine hours each day. That is longer than many of those students spend sleeping. Roberts argues that

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