Technology in Ancient Rome and Egypt

1935 Words8 Pages
Technology application of antiquity was so advanced in some areas that only in the last several centuries has modern technology overtaken what existed several millennia ago . The massive building projects of the Giza Plateau and throughout Egypt required heavy lifting and precision surveying technology that did not exist even 100 years ago . The military equipment of ancient Rome, such as artillery machinery, was still state of the art 200 years ago . Neither Rome nor Egypt invented much new technology , but rather applied existing technology in new ways. Application of technology expanded to meet the priorities of these two civilizations and innovative application of new technology came through exchange of differing ideas and strong…show more content…
Romans solved this by applying Persian aqueduct technology . Technology spread throughout the military, right down to simple but highly effective Celtic sourced chainmail body armor that protected the lowly foot soldier. Rome’s military technology allowed the empire to grow and sustain. The rise of Rome was accomplished through military means, where “…each new conquest became vulnerable and led to further expansion. ” This objective was first above anything else. Without the military strength to establish and spread the empire, no other artistic, architectural, domestic, or other cultural innovation could take place . This state priority was for survival because without relentless enhancements to labor resources, military methods, and technology, Rome would fall. In fact, Rome nearly fell, and in 31 BC, Octavian established a military dictatorship, called the Principate . The military campaigns provided the raw material to make the military even stronger – labor and new ideas and technology.
The intellect of newly conquered countries brought with them new ideas and new technology. For example, even the one technology of glass blowing the Empire invented, “no Roman ever invented it, for it seems to have developed in present-day Syria. ” The pace at which technology was applied in the military quickened because the new ideas
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