The field of police work is constantly being forced to develop and improve its protocols, procedures, and practices in an effort to keep pace with the ever-changing society in which it operates and criminal behavior it seeks to eradicate. While the history of policing has been marked by substantial changes throughout time, the work of modern-day police officers and officials demonstrate some of the most substantial adaptations to its surrounding environment that the field has ever seen. In order to understand where the future of policing is heading, it is important to first understand these current trends that are affecting the current landscape of the profession. By
During this era citizens felt safer and had a better relationship with the police but as time went on and technology got better the relationship that was developed between police officers and citizens changed dramatically. By the mid-1900s new technology had a significant influence on policing, two-way radio, patrol cars and the telephones, revolutionized policing. “Police: History-Policing Twentieth Century America^ C” the Reform Era( n.d.)
Analysis- officers working the well-defined problem seek Intel on the crimes from public and private sources. Not using the Intel that you would find in the system but the officer actually seeking out a more community
7. In an exploratory study such as this, one problem is defining what the "data" are -- the information we should collect. Also, what should have been done to minimize the effects of experimenter bias on the outcome of the study? What were the dangers of the principal investigator assuming the role of prison superintendent?
1. The results of the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment were really surprising to the public and the police. What do you think were the main reasons why different levels of motorized patrol failed to have any impact on crime or public perception? (p. 93)
Bayley, D. H. (1986). The tactical choices of police patrol officers. Journal of Criminal Justice, 14(4), 329-348.
This provides a guideline that ensures that researchers minimize the amount of risk a study may impose to a participant. When planning a study, it is also important that each of the participants are provided with a sense of security and not placed at a disadvantage. When participants enter into a study, a level of trust is established, and their identities and the information they provide must be protected and never be used against them or exploited for any reason.
The articles used in this paper explain whether one officer or two officers patrolling is effective in maintaining safety among officers. One officer and two officer patrol cars has been a never-ending debated issue. The reason why it has been highly debated is because some agencies view two officers in a patrol car as less effective or no difference at all than one patrol officer. According to Frank Day (1955), agencies with one officer in a patrol vehicle have reported having signs of success. (p.) The advantages for one officer in a patrol car is that there is less distractions, and they respond faster to calls. In a two officer per car method officers can be distracted by conversations with their
The sample of patrol officers will then be assigned subgroups on the amount of time they have worked in patrol. This research will be comparing the secondary data for the two years prior to body-worn cameras and the two years after body-worn cameras. Because of the time frame being studied, officers with less than four years of patrol experience will not be examined. This allows officers to be assigned to subgroups of years in patrol by four year groupings. For example, 4-8 years, 9-13 years, 14-17 years. These groups will continue to the 30 year retirement standard in North Carolina law enforcement. The officers in the patrol division will be placed in a subgroup. The random sampling drawn from the patrol division will be proportionate to the makeup of the subgroups. This proportional stratified sampling will provide the most accurate depiction of proactive policing of patrol officers equipped with body-worn
How did the Kansas City Patrol Study affect routine patrol all across the nation? It affected routine patrol in the fact that It made officers realize that traditional routine patrol in marked police cars did not appear to affect the level of crime. Nor did it affect the public’s feeling of security. The experiment demonstrated that urban police departments can successfully test patrol deployment strategies, and that they can manipulate patrol resources without jeopardizing public safety.
In conclusion, it is evident that research is imperative. Research must be kept within the parameters of the so that the information obtained us justifiable and can be used in a court of law when necessary. Police officer’s dedicate themselves to striving in protecting their communities from harm. Officers put their lives on the line as well as place strain on their family lives so that we don’t have to.
Automobiles and two-way radios dramatically affected police patrol in the twentieth century. As more and more of the public got into cars, so did the police. Motorized police patrol was deemed necessary to pursue motorized criminals and to enforce traffic laws. Motorized patrol also came to be seen as more efficient than foot patrol, since a larger area could be watched by police in cars. Then, the addition of the two-way radio made it possible for personnel at police headquarters to contact patrol officers in the field and dispatch them to respond to citizen requests for assistance. The impact of these two basic technologies should not be underestimated. Before cars and radios, police response to emergencies and other crises was more like the fire department model—from the station. Officers on patrol were out on the streets watching, but they were not in continuous communication with headquarters.
While conducting patrol, whether it may be foot or mobile, offices will have firsthand involvement in crimes that could be connected to much bigger cases other agencies will be interested in. Compared to traditional policing which was being dealt with after the fact, this modern initiative will allow officers to solve crimes much more effective. In early times policing was focused more on responding to crime when it has occurred but with this modern approach, all aspect of the mission of law enforcement agencies will be incorporated in the function policing. The traditional way of policing was more based on every man for himself way of thinking but this modern aspect will be displayed as one team and one fight.
Line-level law enforcement officers, investigators supervisors, and police executives are more educated and sophisticated with technology in their arsenal to enhance job performance. Despite having better education, training, equipment, access to specialized resources, and information, law enforcement agencies struggle with sharing power with their workforce. The result of this failure to modernize leaves law enforcement officers going through the motions and working at less than maximum efficiency.