Teen Pregnancy

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FACT SHEET WORLD POPULATION DAY 11 JULY 2008 Young People and Family Planning: Teenage Pregnancy DEFINITION Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenage girl, usually within the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant. The term in everyday speech usually refers to girls who have not reached legal adulthood, which varies across the world, who become pregnant. THE CURRENT SITUATION • • • • • Half of the world’s population are under 25. Some 1.8 billion are aged 10-25, history’s largest generation of adolescents, and about 85% live in the developing world. Most people become sexually active before their 20th birthday. 49% of girls in least developed countries marry before they turn 18. 10% – 40% of young unmarried girls have had an…show more content…
• • Compiled by UNICEF Malaysia Communications, July 2008 2 FACT SHEET TEEN PREGNANCY: STIs, HIV AND AIDS • • • • • As a result of unprotected sex, young people are also at risk of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection. The highest rates of STIs worldwide are among young people aged 15 to 24. Some 500,000 become infected daily (excluding HIV). Two in five new HIV infections globally occur in young people aged 15 to 24. Surveys from 40 countries show that more than half their young people have misconceptions about how HIV is transmitted. Married adolescent girls generally are unable to negotiate condom use or to refuse sexual relations. They are often married to older men with more sexual experience, which puts them at risk of contracting STIs, including HIV. FAMILY PLANNING AND YOUNG PEOPLE: CHALLENGES • • • • Many societies, including in Malaysia, disapprove of premarital sex. As a result, young people have limited or no access to education and information on reproductive sexual health care. Modern contraceptive use among adolescents is generally low, and decreases with economic status. Fewer than 5% of the poorest young use modern contraception. Young women consistently report less contraceptive usage than men, evidence of their unequal power in negotiating safer sex or restrictions on their access to services (such as lack of information, shame, laws, health provider attitudes and practices, or social

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