Essay on Telepsychiatry: Improving Mental Health Possibilities

1655 Words 7 Pages
INTRODUCTION

It is widely recognized that mental illness affects a significant proportion of the population; however, it is complicated to determine exact numbers. This problem can be attributed to such issues as the changing definitions of mental illness as well as difficulties in classifying, diagnosing, and reporting mental disorders. Limitations to adequate mental health services including social stigma, cultural incompatibility between patients and providers, language barriers, lack of insurance and logistical barriers. In addition, significant differences in socioeconomic status, lifestyle behaviors, and access to care have resulted in health disparities between rural and urban communities (Institute of Medicine, 2004). According
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Often, separate displays or a picture-in-picture (if one monitor) are used to enable all parties to see both outgoing and incoming video. This offers opportunities not only for clinical consultations but treatment, education, and other activities within the field of mental health. There currently exists some evidence for the effectiveness (Hilty et al. 2003), cost effectiveness (Hayler & Gangure, 2003), and acceptability of telepsychiatry among both service users and providers (Monnier et al. 2003), in a variety of psychiatric settings including psychotherapy, child, adolescent, adult and geriatric psychiatry. Wootten et al. (2003), also states that telepsychiatry has many applications including connecting patients and mental health professionals, allowing effective diagnosis, treatment, education, consultation and transfer of medical data.
Satisfaction among Patients/ Providers
Telepsychiatry has been shown to be appealing to many patients especially those with limited access to mental health services and the majority of studies that have been conducted have shown high levels of patient satisfaction (Wootten et al. 2003). Monnier et al. (2003) also noted high levels of satisfaction being reported in various groups such as clinician referrers, rural clients, inpatient populations, incarcerated populations, caregiver support groups, as well as child/adolescent clients and their families. The majority of

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