Television : The Negative Effects On Child Development

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The foremost developmental task for babies and toddlers is learning to communicate. Language development is quite dynamic. Watching Television form early age has both positive and negative effects on child development. Television has produced great changes to the way many children spend their time. While some of these changes have been advantageous, other have had a damaging effect. The effects of watching television and other media for young children are damaging to language development. Infant exposure to television has been linked to delayed language development and kindergarten readiness skills ( Zimmerman & Meltzoff, 2007). Early childhood development is important for successful language acquisition. While there have been reports that TV watching has a positive effect on the linguistic and cognitive development of children, there have also been reports that it has a harmful effect on such cognitive abilities as attention and reading, and it has a significant relationship with language delay (Byeon & Hong, 2015). According to Shonkoff & Phillips (2000) “Most children, given a minimal amount of stimulation common in everyday environments, will acquire and use basic language.” Whereas minimal environments are successful in eliciting basic language development, considerable individual differences exist in typical language-learning circumstances that in turn, [influence] the quantity and quality of the linguistic input children receive. (Linebarger & Walker, 2005).
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