Temperament

721 WordsMay 4, 20123 Pages
Temperament: behavioral styles that are fairly stable across situations and are biologically based Infant Temperament Thomas and Chess: Stella Chess and Alexander Thomas conducted pioneering longitudinal research on infant temperament. 3 patterns (based on parents reports) * easy babies (40%) adjust readily to new experiences, quickly established routines, and generally were cheerful in mood and easy to calm * difficult babies (10%) adjust to new experiences, likely to reac negatively and intensely to stimuli and events, and irregular in their bodily functions * slow-to-warm-up (15%) somewhat difficult at first but easier over time ***other infants don’t fit into these categories*** * Temperament is moderately…show more content…
The infant also displays stranger anxiety and uses the caregiver as a secure base for exploration. * Avoidant attachment * Insecure attachment in which the infant shows little separation anxiety and does not pay much attention to the caregiver’s return. * Ambivalent (resistant) attachment: * Insecure attachment in which the infant shows separation protest but also distress upon the caregiver’s return. * Disorganized/disoriented attachment: * Infant-caregiver relations characterized by the infant’s fear of the caregiver, confused facial expressions, and a combination of avoidant and ambivalent attachment
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