Teratogens

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According to dictionary.com a teratogen is “a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the development of a fetus, causing birth defects”. Teratogens are also substances that are found in the environment which are known to cause defects in fetal development. Teratogens are one of the leading causes of death to newborns in the nation. “There are four major factors that depend on the extent of fetal defects and those are the dosage, genetic makeup of the mother and the developing fetus, fetal age, an other negative influences on pregnancy” (Berk, 2012). Some of the common teratogens include alcohol consumption, exposure to radiation, environmental pollution, tobacco and or drug use, and certain prescription and non-…show more content…
Some of the secondary disabilities included mental illness, anti-social behaviors, and attention deficit disorders including, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. According to the study it was concluded that children of binge drinking mothers exhibited especially severe cognitive and behavioral deficits. Although, some of the studies reviewed had vague definitions of binge drinking, potential recall and reporting biases. As you can see here binge drinking while pregnant is not only not healthy to the developing fetus, but it will cause many developmental problems for the future. The common fever is one thing that has also been associated with teratogenesis. According to dictionary.com a fever is “an abnormal condition of the body, characterized by undue rise in temperature, quickening of the pulse, and disturbance of various body functions.” Fevers are a normal part of life, and they cannot be prevented. The uncontrolled elevation of body temperature or fever has a potential negative effect on the developing fetus. The raising temperature on the body is an inflammatory or infectious process that has been known to cause stillbirths and miscarriages (Andersen, Vastrup, Wohlfahrt, Olsen, et al 2002). “The process where an embryo develops into a fetus is considered the most vulnerable period” (Andersen et al

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