Terrorism, Employment, and Education

1357 Words6 Pages
This paper attempts to explain whether economic depravity in a region leads to support for terrorism using the case of the Israel/Palestine conflict in the Gaza strip. I will present and analyse quantitative data from a public opinion poll conducted in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which queried participants about their support for militant and terrorist attacks against Israel. The presented data will be supplemented by statistics from the data that Alan B. Krueger of Princeton University that contains information on the employment and education of participants, which was procured from an original researcher in the aforementioned poll. In the end, the results of this poll do not suggest that there is a positive correlation between an…show more content…
Over 100 scholarly or diplomatic definitions exist. The range of things that can be included under the umbrella of ‘terrorism’ using these definitions is impractically large. On top of this, the use of the word ‘terrorism’ has changed over time. When it was first used politically in the French Revolution, it was a word reserved for labeling those who used violence in the name of the state. In 1798 the word was first recorded in English dictionaries as meaning "systematic use of terror as a policy”. While there is still no internationally unified definition of terrorism, there are comprehensive definitions. One such definition is that used by the US State Department since 1983:
“the term "terrorism" means premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non-combatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.” - U.S. Code, Title 22, Code § 2656f- at section (d)
It is worth noting that using this definition, the US government would not be considered a terrorist organisation (“subnational groups”) but using other definitions, often scholarly ones that emphasise the intention to cause fear and terror while allowing nation states to be labelled as terrorists, the US government would be included in the scope. Also, since the term ‘terrorism’ is loaded with such negative connotation, one will find that both sides in disputes can accurately call one another a terrorist
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