Testicular Cancer

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Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is a ‘’Cancer that develops in the testicle. Usually only one testicle is affected, but in some cases both testicles are affected. Testicular cancers starts in the cells that develop into sperm, which are called sperm cells.’’ (Australia, 2015).
It is a cancer that commonly occurs in men. Young men around the ages of 18 to 40 are most at risk of developing testicular cancer. Common symptoms of testicular cancer includes a lump in the testis, the feeling of heaviness in the scrotum and the change in the size and shape of the testicles. Across the Australian demographic, survival rates for testicular cancer have increased in the recent years during “the periods of 1982–1987 and 2006-2010, there is a
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(Blecher, 2014) This is usually found in 3 to 5 boys in every 100. ‘’ Men with a history of undescended testes have about ten times the chance of testicular cancer; the risk may be lower if surgery is used to fix the problem which usually happens before one year of age.’’ (Blecher, 2014). Another risk factor, is previous testicular cancer. This affects ‘’about 1 in 25 men who have had testicular cancer in one testis develop cancer in the other testis’’. (Blecher, 2014). Previous male infertility is also another risk factor in testicular cancer. It is shown that ‘’Men diagnosed with fertility problems, particularly those with a history of undescended testes, may have a greater chance of developing testicular cancer’’. (Blecher, 2014). This is due to ‘’pre cancers cell sometimes found in testicular biopsies from infertile men’’ (Blecher, 2014), however this does not conclude that all pre cancer cells will develop into cancer. Furthermore, family history is also considered as a risk factor. Testicular cancer can also be through family and therefore if a family member is diagnose with the cancer, there is a minor risk that someone else is also going to get it. Men who suffer from Down syndrome will also be at a higher genetic risk of testicular cancer due to genes mutation.
Men, who are
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