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Testing The Effect Of Sucrose Concentration On The Rate Of Osmosis

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Introduction
Water diffuses across the membrane from the region of lower solute concentration (higher free water concentration) to that of higher solute concentration (lower free water concentration) until the solute concentrations on both sides of the membrane are equal. The diffusion of free water across a selectively permeable membrane, whether artificial or cellular, is called osmosis. The movement of water across cell membranes and the balance of water between the cell and its environment are crucial to organisms. ("Diffusion And Osmosis - Difference And Comparison | Diffen"). A semi-permeable membrane known as the cell membrane surrounds the living cells of both plants and animals. Both solute concentration and membrane permeability are
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Hypothesis
If the concentration of the sucrose solution is increased then the mass of each cube, will also increase, thus the percentage gained will also increase.

The graph above indicates that as the concentration of sucrose solution (%) is increased, the percentage change in mass decreases, thus it can be supposed that there is a negative correlation between the sucrose concentrations and the mass of potato cubes. It is also apparent from the graph above that an error has occurred during the 15% sucrose trial as it appears as an outlier also it can be estimated from the graph that approximately10% sucrose solution is the isotonic condition as there is no big change in mass.

Discussion
Though the theory following the hypothesis is correct and the experiment was carried out with as much attention as possible in a high school laboratory, the results obtained were still indicative of a few errors and did not support the predicted hypothesis. From the results obtained it can be concluded that as the concentration of sucrose increases the average percentage change in mass decreases. This is because the salt concentration inside the potato cubes of 10%, 15% and 20% concentration is less that in the salt concentration on the sucrose solution, thus the three cubes submerged in the 10% - 20% concentrated solution lost mass (hypertonic). However the cube submerged
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When the final mass was measured the excess water in the potato cube might have not been completely removed, thus it adds to the final mass of the potato cubes. This acts as a major error because it gives an inaccurate representation of the actual percentage change in mass of the potato cubes, also while measuring the mass of each cube of potato; the value fluctuated and was not consistent.
Another potential error, which might have occurred, is the temperature fluctuation throughout the experiment. The rate of osmosis will be affected if the temperature in inconsistent, as more heat increases rate of osmosis and cooler temperature decreases rate of osmosis.
Other sources of errors maybe that the cube were placed too closely to surface of the beaker so its ability to absorb the solutions because the closest sides to each other could obstruct the process of osmosis by blocking their exposure to the solution or of the varying time at which the cubes were placed in the
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