Testing of the Stroop Effect in Colour-Associated Words and Neutral Words

1218 WordsMay 16, 20125 Pages
Testing of the Stroop effect in colour-associated words and neutral words Abstract Study examined the Stroop effect in words which are not colours, but represent related object connected to certain colours and whether that would yield similar or the same effect as the classic Stroop study. Previous studies such as Stroop's (1935) found out a clash between controlled and automatic processing, which resulted in delayed answering. This experiment was conducted for 20 participants of both sexes and various age categories. They were given two lists consisting each of 30 coloured words. One half of these words were colour-neutral and other colour-relevant. As was expected, the colour-neutral were processed much faster. It is therefore…show more content…
But still the main focus of the study is on whether occurs and how strong the stroop effect is. The one-tail hypothesis of the study was that the effect will cause a significant delay (or disruption) in guessing the correct colour for the words. Null hypothesis was that there will be not a significant difference between colour-neutral and colour-relevant words. Design for this study was a within-participants design. IV is the conditions which were presented to the participants, thus Condition 1 with colour related words and Condition 2 with colour neutral words, both conditions included 6 words, each word was shown five times in their incongruent colours. DV was the overall time achieved for each condition measured in seconds. The order was counterbalanced therefore participants with odd order numbers were firstly given condition 1 and then condition 2 and vice versa for the even order numbers. Participants There were twenty participants in this experiment of both sex aged 18-68 years fluent English speakers. They were selected from the personal of Open University and their families and friends plus four of them were not related anyhow to Open University being related directly to the experimenter. All participants were fully briefed and gave their informed consent to participate in this experiment, and all were fully debriefed afterwards. The participants were naïve to the hypothesis of this
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