According to some studies lagundi showed that it can prevent the body’s production of leukotriene’s which are release during asthma attack. Lagundi contains chrysoplenol that is a substance provides with anti-histamine and anti-inflammatory effects, the histamine can constrict the bronchial tubes, and inflammation of mucus membranes can cause wheezing so these effects can help the asthmatic. In addition, the Lagundi was found to obstruct leukotriene release. Leukotrienes, like histamine can provide to constricted breathing and inflammation of the lungs. Also in Japan, lagundi is recognized as an effective herbal medicine, it shown that it includes properties that make it an expectorant and it has been reported to use as a tonic as well and researches more
The plant kingdom is abundant in species that act as anti-inflammatories to animal tissue. If the premise is accepted that through an ecological integration most of the biological needs of humanity and the other animals are met by our evolutionary environment, the wealth of anti-inflammatory herbs comes as no surprise. Whilst they are rarely as immediately powerful as the steroid drugs, they are very rarely as dangerous and potentially life threatening.
Although there is no record to establish when plants were first used for medicinal purposes, the use of plants as healing agents as well as clays and soils is ancient. Dioscourides, a Greek physician of the Roman army, prescribed extracts of willow bark for joint pain. First, willow bark was confirmed to be effective, and then the natural ester of salicylic acid (salicin) was isolated as the willow’s active ingredient by Johannes Buchner in Germany (Rainsford,1984). It was then derivatized by Rafaela Pirea to yield salicylic acid, and later (1899) by the Bayer company, to yield acetylsalicylic acid, or aspirin.
Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) is one of the nine species in the Asteraceae/Compositae family, related to the daisy. The North American origin gives insight to its first use in Native American herbal medicine. The plant is commonly used in minor respiratory infection remedies and labeled as a functional food for its properties in increasing antibodies when served in as an herbal drink or pill. Further analysis of this functional food will give light to the common sources, clinical description and side effects drawn from studies to date.
Prickly pear cactus is the common name of many different species in the genus Opuntia and the species within can be less than one foot tall up to seven feet tall. This cactus has large fleshy pads, and very large spines (2). These edible plants have potential health benefits that have been explored in some research. These plants have been shown to have antioxidant properties, and organ protective qualities, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Many of these properties can be beneficial for humans because these issues affect all people at some point in their life. The studies examined in this paper will examine the
Herbal medicines are great alternative for commercially manufactured medicines available in the market. The major reason why herbal medicine differ from modern medicine is because they are produced with 100% natural content. Therefore the plant extract has all the medicinal values that are as effective as modern medicine. Commercially prepared drugs show results quickly but have numerous side effects. However herbal medicines don’t show any side
The vast pharmacological properties of Aloe vera depends on its various chemical constituents including, polysaccharide, anthraquinones, salicylic acid, saponins, amino acids, enzymes, minerals, vitamins, etc. 31). The antioxidant activity of Aloe vera gel is because of the presence of α-tocopherol (vitamin E), carotenoids, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), tannins and flavonoids 15). Aloe gel is able to strongly scavenge the free radical including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl and alkyl radical due to the presence of polysaccharide 32). A. vera gel also maintains free radical scavenging enzymes or antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione (GSH) level 33). Aloe vera contains aloe-emodin which is anthraquinone derivative has well documented anti-inflammatory effect by decreasing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines: TNF-α, interleukin-1β 34). C-glucosylchromone, a potent anti-inflammatory compound in Aloe vera gel helps to inhibit bradykinin (an inflammatory substance) activity due to the presence of peptidase bradykinase 11). Also, previous studies showed that treatment with emodin or Aloe vera gel significantly improves left ventricular function by maintaining normal myofibril structure 33, 34). Our research showed that treatment with Aloe vera gel helps to minimize oxidative stress,
The mucilage of this plant has disintegrating properties, it contains L-rhamnose, D-galactose, D-galactouronic acid, and D-glucuronic acid [6,28]. Shah and Patel prepared acelofenac ODT by DC using 6% of this disintegrant, the disintegration time was found to be 20 seconds. The results of Swelling Ratio (SR) , angle of repose, bulk density and compressibility index were observed as 9, 26.5oC, 0.65g/cc and 16% respectively  which indicates excellent flow and good compressibility according to European pharmacopeia classification .
“Traditional medicines (TMs) make use of natural products and are of great importance. Such forms of medicine as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, Kampo, traditional Korean medicine(TKM), and Unani employ natural products…” (Yuan, Ma, Ye & Piao p.1). These medications have been manufactured by crushing the plant, herb, tree bark or root resulting in a mixture that contains hundreds of active molecules within it. Testing the effectiveness of the molecules in the mixture is near
Arthritis has become a very common disease that affect the old people in FUTA south gate area Akure. According to Wiktionary, Arthritis is an inflammation of a joint or joints causing pain and/or disability, swelling and stiffness, and due to various causes such as infection, and due to various causes such as infection, trauma, degenerative changes or metabolic disorders. There are different types of arthritis which include: Osteoarthritis (inflammation, pain and bony changes to the tissue) and Rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune condition that usually involves a great deal of inflammation and if it is severe, can be very disfiguring) (Valerie, 2014). FUTA gate is located in the southern part of Akure local government of Ondo State. The study was carried out at FUTA South-Gate community in Akure, Akure-South Local Government Area of Ondo State. The aim of this report is to examine the effectiveness of Swedish herbal mixture in the treatment of arthritis
The aerial part of the plants, which contains a large amount of active compounds, is used medically. Some of the active constituents from the aerial parts include alkanes, ketones, aldehyde, lactones, diterpenoids, diterpene glycosides, flavonoids and flavonoids glycosides (Akbar 2011). Andrographolide isolated from Andrographis paniculata is the major labdane diterpenoid. It exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities (Hidalgo et al. 2013). The leave is found to be containing the highest amount of andrographolide while the seed contains the least amount of andrographolide (Trivedi 2010). It is the most commonly used part for medicinal purposes. Nonetheless, the whole plant and roots are also known to have some limited purposes. It was investigated that the leaves consists of two major bitter principles which are andrographolide and also kalmeghin (Akbar 2011). The latter is found after many experiments had been carried out. Below is the chemical structure of
he worldwide increase of multidrug resistance has impaired the current antimicrobial therapy, warranting the search for other alternatives.This study investigated the efficacy of using plant extracts; Lawsonia inermis L(Henna), Glycyrrhiza glabra L(licorice) and Rosmarinus officinalis L (Rosemary) as antifungal agents.Antifungal susceptibility test revealed that nystatin were mostly active against tested clinical isolates. In vitro antifungal activity of the different plant extracts against isolates showed that acetonic extract of licorice, had high antifungal activity. In vivo study, topical application of licorice gave promising and excellent healing response. We propose that the higher percentage of (GC-MS) of 3-O-Methyl-d-glucose 29.1 %, most probably are the causes of its higher antifungal activity.
Spermacoce hispida L. is one of the important medicinal plants used in traditional systems of medicine. It is observed that, several times it is difficult to differentiate the plant from the other allied species from the same genus, Spermacoce, especially, when they are in drug form. Therefore, the present study aims to document the differences in the pharmacognostic characters, preliminary phytochemical analysis and polyphenolic contents from the leaves of four species belonging to the genus Spermacoce, viz. S. hispida L., S. mauritiana O. Gideon, S. stricta L. and S. ocymoides Burm. Transverse section passing through the midrib with lamina on either sides, epidermal characters, leaf constants, organoleptic characters, physicochemical analysis, extractive values and preliminary phytochemical analysis were carried out for all these species. Total Phenolic Content (TPC) by Folin-Ciocalteu method and Total Flavonoids (TF) by AlCl3 method were also estimated from the leaves of all these species. The results indicated that S. hispida can be clearly differentiated from the other selected species on the basis of size and number of epidermal cells, size of trichomes, leaf constants, physicochemical analysis and extractive values. However, it is also found that S. hispida possess TPC at 6.88±0.34 mg CAE/g and 9.17±0.46 mg TAE/g. TF was at 5.98±0.30 mg QE/g. The study will provide information with respect to identification and differentiation selected species of genus Spermacoce.
Herbal medicine has always been a part of the different cultures of the world. According to Woodham et al. (2000), herbs has played a very important part in the field of medicine for thousands of years. Looking back to the development of Herbalism in ancient Egypt, the comprehensive knowledge of the Greeks in herbal medicine, to the traditional way of Herbal Medicine in China, herbs have been a part of many therapeutic treatments found in many different parts of the world at different times of our history. Thousands of these different herbs including guava leaves, up to this time are still used in both conventional and natural medicine. Commercially, we can find these herbs in beverages like teas, different vitamins and supplements, ointments and creams and even in beauty products like shampoo and soaps. According to Morton (1987), guava leaves as part of the Far Eastern traditional herbal medicine continues to provide beneficial effects in maintaining and regaining physical health. It is amazing how guava leaves can be so useful in many ways. What components does the guava leaves have that it can be used for therapeutic treatment? By looking at the different use of guava leaves, this