Texas City Boat Trip : Case Study

1022 Words Oct 23rd, 2015 5 Pages
Texas City Boat Trip.

Violeta Leilani Curameng.

Texas A&M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas.

The Valero Refinery of Texas City is located in the Texas City Ship Channel in the Gulf Coast region. The Valero Company “is an international manufacturer of transportation fuels, petrochemical products and power” (1). Originally acquired in 1997, the refinery has been through a series of major upgrades and extensions (1). Valero is an independent refiner that purchases a variety of oils such as crude oil and sour and residual oil (2).
The complex refining and distillation processes for Valero can be compared to the experiments performed in an Organic chemistry lab. From what the company’s procedures are to what the Lab procedures are, a similarity can be seen just on a larger scale. Figure 1 outlines the size of the Valero refinery. (6)

Figure 1: Valero Texas City Refinery.

The Refining Process. Refining begins with the heating of crude oil that will change into a gas. The heated gases travel into the bottom of a distillation column and begin to cool the further they travel upwards through the column. The gases will then start to condense into the liquid form and are pulled off the distilling column. The raw fractions produced are processed again to create several different finished products (3). Figure 2 shows the refining process and the components.
Crude oil is heated through the bottom of the distillation tower and then each of the…

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