During the early 18th century Britain, Britain was in the middle of Industrialization. Factory workers were also paid low wages and had to endure harsh workers conditions. Accidents were common since machinery was very new at this point and were not safe. The factory workers during this time were forced to put up with being exploited because the owners of the factories and the workers themselves knew that there would always be someone else willing to take their job if they quit. To these factory workers, low wages was better than having no income at all. Factory wokers in Britain during the early 18th century were paid low wages such as how cotton textile workers were also paid low wages during the mechanization of the cotton industy in Japan and
“People were forced to work in harsh, dangerous conditions in order to be able to provide for their families” (Document 8). Although most people were grateful to have a job, the conditions that they were forced to work for in order to provide for their families were unfair to them, and their families. Just because they obtained a job one day, doesn’t mean they would have it the next day, for example, if an employee was sick, or injured and had to miss a day of work the employee wasn’t guaranteed to continually have the job after they finally recovered. “I am at work in a spinning room tending four sides of warp which is one girl’s work” (Document 1) working conditions such as these are very harsh for the employees, not only do they have to keep up with the work of four people. Not only do the employees have to keep up with the sea of work, they also have to attempt not to get injured with the very harsh conditions lots of employees did in fact end up with serious injuries. “5 in the morning till 9 at night…” (Document 7) Those were the harsh working hours according to twenty-three year old Elizabeth Bentley. Long hours such as those were very common for factory workers, which made life hard for employees. Not only was harsh working conditions bad, but also the worst consequence that came about through the Industrial Revolution was child
I think that the english textile factories were were bad for the health of the working class families because in article A Michael Ward said that the kids in there were getting their arms and legs just sliced open and fingers taken off. Also in document B it says that the person who wanted the reporter to take a report of the factory was the owner of the factory and that could mean that he just made a lot of that up. Another reason that i think that the factories are bad is because in document C it says that the workers had to work all day and they got only one meal. One more reason that I think that the factories were bad is because in document D it says that the children were often beaten by their overlookers.
They spend 12 to 14 hours each day shut up in a low-ceiling rooms they are all sickly and emaciated, their bodies thin and frail, their limbs feeble, their complexions pale, their eyes dead. This is the horror that Flora Tristan witnessed; people were working more than half a day with no food, clothes, and the working conditions were full of toxic air and other harmful substances. Her standpoint in this statement can be said as being non-biased as she is a socialist and thus, she cares (Doc. 7). People reacted violently to these conditions, which forced the government to pass the Ten Hours Act, which limited the number of hours a worker could work to ten hours a day. This resulted in better condition of the workers. William Abram, a journalist and historian, noticed, the condition of the factory laborers has been vastly improved (Doc. 10). This shows the result of the reaction of the people. The point of view of William Abram is factual and accurate as he is a journalist and a historian, and his work is to provide people with the truth. As witnessed by Frances Kemble, actress, poet, and dramatist, people were [s]houting No Corn Laws when she arrived in Manchester during the inaugural of railway. This shows the reaction to the wages that workers got before some reforms in Manchester (Doc. 4). Document 10 also states that the [w]ages thanks
The Industrial Revolution persuaded many people to urbanize or move to the cities. However, many of those people were forced to pack into tenements and work in dangerous, mindless, and unvarying factories. People who worked in factories, worked long hours in unsafe atmospheres and did not get paid well or fairly. They also suffered from lifelong illnesses. In Document 13, an excerpt from Joseph Hebergam’s testimony to the Sadler Committee is shown. In his testimony, Hebergam states, “I have damaged lungs. My leg muscles do not function properly and will not support the weight of my bones…[the doctor] told me that [my
Do you think that English textile factories were bad for the health of working class families. Use evidence from at least two of the documents to support your claim.
People often lived and worked in family unit, presenting everything by their own hand. Porter (1999) points out that around 75% British lived in the village, and most people ensure their life by farming. As a result of the Industrial Revolution, this situation no longer continued. The new law required that all owner’s of gazing grounds must afford the expense for fence, which lead to many farmers go bankrupt, at the meantime, many hand weavers unemployed because the new machines capability of produce big amount outputs (Stearns, 1998). Consequently, it forced many people find jobs in new factories, and moved to cities where the factory located (Porter, 1999). It is also important to state that although they worked for long hours, they only get paid little money. As they could not afford the higher living expenses in big cities, they had to move into the slum house. It is necessary to point out that over 12,000 people lived in 1,400 houses, nearly one family shared per room (included about nine people at average) (Engles, 1968: 62). This lead to several distress like air pollution, typhoid and cholera to threaten people’s lives (Stearns, 1998). Dean (1983: 104) also describes that the living conditions were fearful, in the course of early year of Industrial Revolution, over half of children aged under five years old dead because of the infectious
According to the article The Physical Deterioration of the Textile Workers, the working conditions of the industry affected the physical growth of a child. As children and adults worked in the harsh conditions of the cotton-mills, their body grew accustomed to the strains the labor was putting on them. Consequentially leading to the deformation of the bones. The issues were becoming so prevalent that a union labor was formed to fight against the circumstances they were compelled under. The issue during the revolution was so bad unions had to be made along with laws stating a change in the labor must occur. Additionally, because of the machines, there was an increase in pollution in the air which is also another factor that increased health problems for people all around the city. The revolution, clearly, was not worth it for
One of the many problems raised by the industrailization of manchester were diesises broght by the poor work facilities. In Edwin Charwick’s record of deseases in machester, he states “The annual loss of life from filth and
Taking after a flare-up of fever among the kids working in their cotton processes, the general population of Manchester, England, started requesting better working conditions in the manufacturing plants. Open weight in the long run
In the means of health affected by the Industrial Revolution the negatives outweighed the positives. In document 4, Excerpt from the testimony of Joseph Hebergam to the Sadler Committee, is about a man who tells his story of working in a dangerous job in a factory. His health was impacted vigorously for the worse of things. From being overworked day after day his lungs were damaged so badly he was told he would die within a year. His leg muscles did not function right because of being overworked. Hebergam’s legs could not even support the weight of himself. The reason why he would die within a year was because of the dusts in the factory and having an insufficient diet. Others had died because of factory incidents. Hembergam’s brother died because he was cut by a machine and died of infection. The machines were not properly protected to the point of being the cause of many child deaths. Hembergam tells of a story from the last factory he worked at and how two siblings died because they both were severely injured. In document 1, an excerpt from William Cooper’s testimony before the Sadler Committee, tells about a man who had to work from seven in the morning to eleven at night with a very small amount of time to eat whatever he had brought that would spoil. The consequences of the small lunch period with what they had brought from their home where the health of the workers. Ice packs were not yet
Textile factories were not safe for working class families for the reason that the people were injured and unhealthy. A few people entered into the textile factories unhealthy which could´ve made their health issues worse. The interviewee , Dr. Holme says that the people employed were in great health. He also said that the children he had seen were all in health and that the hours they worked were not injurious to their health. John Birley says that they had good food and good beds. He also says that they were treated kindly. Dr . Holme says that Mr. Pooley employed 401 people and 363 people were in good health. Dr. Holme also said that the factories were as healthy as any other part of the working classes of the community. His conclusion was