The 13 Colonies

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The English explorer John Smith said “No man will go from [England] to have less freedom”. In 1607, John Smith established the first colony at Jamestown, Virginia, It became the first permanent English settlement in North America, and first of 13 English colonies that won independence from England and became the first 13 states of the United States of America. A colony is land controlled by foreign nation. In the 17th century, many European nations had colony in America as well as other part of the world. Each of colonies was established for different purpose. It is written on the text book that, “The 13 colonies that eventually became the United States were founded in different ways and for different reasons. Virginia was founded by a private trading company. Some colonies, such as Pennsylvania, were founded by individual proprietors [proprietor: a person who owned a colony as a result of receiving a land grant from the king] , or owners, who received large land grants from the king. New York was originally founded by the Dutch and later captured by the British. The New England colonies were started by English Protestants called Puritans because they wanted to purify the Church of England. They wanted to create "a city upon a hill," a more perfect society based on their religious beliefs. Georgia began as a home for the poor and for criminals found guilty of not paying their debts.(1) John Smith was born January 1580, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom and

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