The 13th Reflection

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Reflection on the Documentary ‘The 13th’
The irritating, influential, and overwhelming documentary was directed by Ava DuVernay (Samito, 2015). While the documentary shakes the audience, it challenges their concepts regarding race intersection, mass incarceration in the U.S. and justice. It is a subject matter that sounds less cinematic. It has been increasingly difficult to separate Ava DuVernay filmmaking from her activism (Gray, Palmiotti, Archer & Guzman, 2007). The 13th is a timely movie just as Black Lives Matter protest and the presidential election that was imminent. The main theme hinges on the 13th Amendment of the American constitution with most new readers being surprised by the title. Ratified in 1865, the changes state ‘Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, nor any place subject to their jurisdiction” (Samito, 2015). Spenser Averick and Ava DuVernay wrote the 13th documentary by building on the foundation laid by Michelle Alexander in her best seller novel. The documentary runs through the history of the US races and subsequent incarceration within the flawless economy (DuVernary, 2016). The first half an hour of the documentary deals with chattel slavery. Issues include the birth of the nation, civil right movements, the civil rights act, declaration of war on drugs. The author delivers a stirring exposition of the prison

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