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The 1940 Statement Of Academic Freedom And Tenure

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For many in higher education tenure would be the brass ring; a fitting end to a career of service, education, and research. But what is tenure? Defined in the 1940 Statement of Academic Freedom and Tenure, tenure is first the freedom of teaching, research, and extramural activities, secondly, it is a sufficient degree of economic security to make the profession attractive to men and women of ability (American Association of University Professors, 1970). The process of defining tenure was a collaborative effort of faculty, administrators, and educational committees. Originally drawn up in 1915 as the Declaration of Academics, the statement was in place until 1940 when a meeting of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) and the Association of American Colleges agreed on a restatement to be known as the 1940 Statement of Academic Freedom and Tenure (American Association of University Professors, 1970). Additional changes were made to the document in 1970, but they retained the modified the name designated in 1940. Since tenure encompasses the freedom of teaching; an essential component to tenure is academic freedom. The 1940 Statement of Academic Freedom and Tenure (1970) states that considers academic freedom as:
Teachers are entitled to full freedom in research and in the publication of the results, subject to the adequate performance of their other academic duties; but research for pecuniary return should be based upon an understanding with the
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