The 1964 Operating System by IBM Essay

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Why the 1964 Operating System by IBM was so important to how computers are made today?
Gary Tibbals
Fountainhead College of Technology


During a press release April 7, 1964 IBM Board Chairman Thomas J. Watson Jr. announced this was the most important product in the company’s history. (unknown, IBM, 1964). IBM knew that this was a special system due to how the system support was on a wide array of applications and it was the first operating system to require direct-access storage devices. (Hosch, 2014) The system was so successful other manufactures start trying to reproduce a similar machine. The impact of this operating system goes without saying was a turning point in the history of operating systems, but what made this so different that everyone wanted to copy it? Let’s look into some of the crowning achievements of the 360 system and some of the pitfalls.
IBM had taken the newly invented integrated chip that Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce invented back in 1958 and used it in the 360 system. (Unknown, The Third Generation: 1964 to 1970, 2009) This allowed them to support a wide range of applications, both scientific and business. (Unknown, The Third Generation: 1964 to 1970, 2009) This allowed the 360 system to be modular allowing customers to purchase a smaller system with the knowledge it could be updated to fit their needs. (Unknown, The Third Generation: 1964 to 1970, 2009). The name 360 was given to this system because of the meaning of 360…

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