The 1988 After Five Policy Reform

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BEFORE FIVE The 1988 Before Five policy reform that followed the Meade Report, addressed mutual issues and concerns. The report campaigned concerning Māori grievances, women rights and the status of ECE teachers and workers (Carpenter, Jesson, Roberts & Stephenson, 2008). Involved in the Before Five policy reform encompassed eight working groups and representatives from ECE services of Kindergartens, Kohanga reo, Play centre, early childhood care and education centres ( Duhn, 2009). Throughout this policy, the Treaty of Waitangi was acknowledged and upheld as Kohanga administration was not able to be altered by the Education Department only the Department of Māori affairs.

Though Before Five had taken aboard majority of the Meade Report recommendations it missed out vital areas ensuring healthy community focus as ECE reforms did not get caught up with general education reforms, however with the new frameworks the intentions of the policy were undermined (Carpenter, Jesson, Roberts & Stephenson, 2008). Lack of commitment by the government was apparent and ordered a new economic path in ECE. A series of policy documents across all sectors of education ensued: Before Five (1988) for ECE, Tomorrows School (1989) for schools and Learning for Life (1989) for tertiary.

The implementation of Before Five saw the handouts of the Purple Management book. A ‘Purple’ management handbook (1989) was delivered to all ECE services in which laid out new guidelines involving quality
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