The 2008 Financial Crisis Essay

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In 2008, the world experienced a tremendous financial crisis which rooted from the U.S housing market; moreover, it is considered by many economists as one of the worst recession since the Great Depression in 1930s. After posing a huge effect on the U.S economy, the financial crisis expanded to Europe and the rest of the world. It brought governments down, ruined economies, crumble financial corporations and impoverish individual lives. For example, the financial crisis has resulted in the collapse of massive financial institutions such as Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Lehman Brother and AIG. These collapses not only influence own countries but also international area. Hence, the intervention of governments by changing and
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The economy is known as a new emerging economy especially after entering WTO in 2007. The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has increase considerably and the GDP is over 8% in the period of three years (2005-2007). Nonetheless, it is clear that the economic instability occurs after WTO accession of Vietnam 1 year. Consequently, the economy has suffered surging inflation as well as trade and fiscal deficit. (Figure 1) GDP CPI
2005 8.4 8.3
2006 8.2 7.5
2007 8.5 8.3
2008 6.2 23
2009 5.3 6.9

Figure 1 : GDP and CPI 2005-2009 (% change per year)
Source: Asian Development Bank and Vietnam
B. Inflation
Inflation doubled in 2007 and reached a peak at 28% in 2008.The fiscal make up 4-5% GDP and the trade deficit accounted for 20% GDP in which approximately $US17.5 billion dollars. The influence of high fuel combine with food prices and high domestic demand lead to high inflation. The high price of fuel in Vietnam illustrates global fuel prices and the high domestic demand of country importing fuel. Furthermore, the increase in global food prices affect detrimental to the high inflation in Vietnam.(Figure 2) Figure 2 : Fiscal Deficit and Trade Deficit (2003-2008)
Source : IMF, General Statistics Office of Vietnam
C.Impact on Trade
The global financial crisis has affected severely on Vietnamese exports. After joining the WTO, Vietnam’s trade has become depend on global

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