The 2015 Millennium Development Goals And Education

1174 Words Aug 6th, 2014 5 Pages
INTRODUCTION
Background:
Nomadic pastoralists across the globe have struggled to maintain their identity while trying to conform to traditional, formal government run education systems. As declared by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, education is a universal human right that should be free and compulsory through at least the basic elementary levels (United Nations Declaration of Human Rights Document). For nomadic pastoralists, who move regularly in order to find adequate grazing land for their livestock and water sources for survival, the traditional formal school set-up is often not feasible, and they are frequently excluded from receiving the education they are entitled to according to the Universal Declaration. Other policies have been set in place making free and compulsory education for all a priority including the 2015 Millennium Development Goals and the Education for All Act. Governments and multinational institutions have been working towards achieving the 2015 Millennium Development Goals and Education for All, but one major challenge faced is finding a way to include nomadic pastoralists, specifically in Ethiopia where nearly 14% of the population are pastoralists and fare extremely low on human development indices (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWa7ebV0kDQ). It has become apparent that in Ethiopia, while the government seems committed to Education For All according to the Dakar Framework, reaching the goal will be nearly impossible through…
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