The 2015 Millennium Development Goals And Education

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INTRODUCTION Background: Nomadic pastoralists across the globe have struggled to maintain their identity while trying to conform to traditional, formal government run education systems. As declared by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, education is a universal human right that should be free and compulsory through at least the basic elementary levels (United Nations Declaration of Human Rights Document). For nomadic pastoralists, who move regularly in order to find adequate grazing land for their livestock and water sources for survival, the traditional formal school set-up is often not feasible, and they are frequently excluded from receiving the education they are entitled to according to the Universal Declaration. Other…show more content…
Other Sub-Saharan African countries such as Kenya and Sudan have faced similar challenges also have pastoralist communities, but have been addressing them through non-formal education models that Ethiopia can potentially learn from. In order to include Nomadic Pastoralists and follow the promise to provide education for all, governments and development agencies alike have been making efforts at providing other, non-traditional education models available. Many nomadic pastoralist areas have been implementing non-formal education models for their communities, but in order to do so, a number of factors are essential for successful implementation of these alternative, non-formal models. In this paper, I will argue that based on current alternative and non-formal pastoralist education models in Kenya and Sudan, Ethiopia should include the following three elements in education models for their pastoralist communities: flexibility in schedule and curriculum, adequate provisions for teachers to ensure quality, and finally, government support that is visible in both policy and practice. Methodology: In this section, a detailed description of the overall research methodology used for this study will be provided. The research for this project was gathered over a period of approximately 4 weeks from Washington, DC, but key informant interviews were conducted through email with PACT Ethiopia and personal conversations while working as an
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