The 20th Century A Revitalization Of Mathematics

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The 20th Century marked a revitalization of mathematics. Mathematicians were becoming increasingly aware of the shaky foundation that the mathematics of the time was built upon. Algebra seemed to change the most by this new move to fix the fundamentals of mathematics. With the intent to reinvent algebra, a group of young French mathematicians joined together under the pseudonym Nicolas Bourbaki. They collectively wrote a textbook named Elements of Mathematics. All the while, they held mathematical seminars that persist to this day. The group seemed to have a great deal of amusement playing the role of Nicolas Bourbaki and remained seemingly unaffected by the vicious world around them (Berlinghoff & Gouvea, 2004, p. 55). The world that Nicolas Bourbaki came into was a dark one. The relationship among European countries was becoming increasingly hostile. In America, the president Franklin D. Roosevelt was implementing the New Deal and working to bring an end to the Great Depression. Although the social projects created by the New Deal significantly helped poor American families, a great deal of Americans remained unemployed. The starvation and suffering of the Depression was certainly still relevant in people’s minds. Mothers had watched their children suffer and their husbands leave in search of work (“What Ended the Great Depression,” n.d.). While conditions in America were improving, Europe was definitively on a downward spiral. Before the young French mathematics even

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