The Absurdity Of Existence Of The Book ' The Metamorphosis ' By Franz Kafka And The Stranger '
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4 May 2016
The Absurdity of Existence
In many twentieth century English literary works, but particularly in the two novellas, The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and The Stranger by Albert Camus, ideas of absurdity are employed to analyze human nature and discover the true meaning of life, and death. Through the questioning of societal boundaries, both of the authors implement philosophy into their writing through their separate and unique styles. The Metamorphosis and The Stranger describe the transformation of young men who journey through life while discovering their true purposes. The belief that human beings live and exist in a purposeless, chaotic universe is at the base of the philosophical perspective of absurdity because it is believed that when humanity attempts to find meaning or rational explanation in the universe, their efforts will ultimately fail. There are many elements present in both stories, such as the themes of alienation and of the anti-hero, but the one that is strongest is absurdity as the situations faced by the protagonists serve as an example of the spiritual dilemma of the world in which individuals must establish a meaning to their rather pointless and unreasonable existence in an absurd life.
When the individual is detested in society, as is Meursault in The Stranger, it can be difficult to live an enjoyable life and accepting death may be the only way to find individual freedom. Albert Camus