Medical travel can be very stressful physically, emotionally, and financially. Moreover, due to very high unemployment rate most of the families cannot afford to have their own transportation vehicles to access primary care in the community. Transportation issue can also lead to missing appointments or delayed treatments. There are minimal health care services in the aboriginal communities, particularly those that are in rural, remote, and in north with limited to access to medical technology, equipment, supplies and medications (HCC, 2013). Majority of Aboriginals do not have access to technology, therefore, access to health information and promotion is limited. Telehealth and other virtual or mobile health care programs are available; the problem is that communities do not always have adequate information and communication technology and other infrastructures to reliably deliver these programs. The lack of a modern
After too many years, when the Australian government decided to grant Aboriginal people with fully rights of freedom again in their country, the number of indigenous people in Australia jumped an amazingly 33 per cent from the 1991 to 1996 census. final
Currently, Aboriginal health services are most widely available in hospitals and Aboriginal-based clinics. Hospitals like Randwick Childrens Hospital offer Aboriginal-only services which are generally either free or at lower prices. Clinics such as AMS (
For the last 200 years Indigenous people have been victims of discrimination, prejudice and disadvantage. Poor education, poor living conditions and general poverty are still overwhelming issues for a large percentage of our people and we remain ‘as a group, the most poverty stricken sector of the working class’ in Australia (Cuthoys 1983).
Archaeologists believe that aboriginals first came to Australia about 45, 000 years ago and were the only population of humans in Australia until the British invasion. There are about 500 different aboriginal groups each with their own language and territory and usually made up of several separate clans. The aboriginals of Australia are marginalised in today society. This marginalisation began right back during the British invasion where they were evicted from their own country, the stolen generation occurred and their health care, education, employment and housing was severely limited. Aboriginals generally live in poor conditions and choose unhealthy lifestyle choices
Australian government today recognises that educational policies regarding Aboriginal people cannot be made without considering social and economic policies aimed at improving outcomes for Aboriginal communities in general (TICHR, 2006). Main contemporary issues facing Aboriginal communities are proving land ownership, remoteness, health status, education and employment status and social attitude of Non-Aboriginal population towards the Aboriginal communities (Challenges facing the Indigenous communities today, n.d.). Tackling this issue is not a simple task: the document “National Indigenous Reform Agreement” (2010) which aims to improve outcomes for all Indigenous Australians recognizes that this process needs approach from different aspects, taking into account “seven key building blocks: Early Childhood, Schooling, Health, Economic Participation, Healthy Homes, Safe Communities, and Governance and Leadership” (as cited in DET Queensland,
Thus Indigenous Australians have are higher rates of unemployment, homelessness, poor school attendance, poor health, family violence and substance abuse than non-Indigenous Australia (Weatherburn, 2014).
Australia is considered one of the safest and best countries to live (OECD, 2016). For instance, Australia exhibits higher life expectancies (80.3 years for males and 84.5 years for females), lower mortality rates (5.4 per 1000 live births), high-quality education and health practices and many employment opportunities (ABS, 2015). However, there are wide disparities in life expectancy, mortality rates, heath outcomes, education and employment for indigenous people (Holland, 2014).For example, life expectancy at birth for indigenous population is 10.6 years lower than that of the non-indigenous male population and 9.5 years for females (ABS, 2015). The mortality rate for the indigenous
This paper will examine the healthcare of Indigenous Australian peoples compared to non-indigenous Australians. The life expectancy gaps between the two are a cause for alarm when statistics show Indigenous Australian peoples die on average 17 years earlier than non-indigenous Australians (Dick 2017). This paper will examine the social determinants of health to explore these factors and what interventions are in place to improve health status and life expectancy gaps for equality. The Federal Government has seen the implementation of the Northern Territory Intervention and the Closing the Gap Initiative. This essay will examine these two strategies and discuss the effectiveness of both policies. It will explain the differences, similarities and look at the success so far to
Residents of rural and remote communities tend to experience poorer health outcomes than those in the metropolitan area (Humphreys & Walkerman, 2008). The fact that the high proportion of Indigenous Australians, which increases with remoteness, reflects the lag in Indigenous health outcomes (Humphreys & Walkerman, 2008).
The inequalities in today’s indigenous communities are still strongly evident. Heard, Khoo & Birrell (2009), argued that while there has been an attempt in narrowing the gap between Indigenous and non Indigenous Australians, a barrier still exists in appropriate health care reaching indigenous people. The Indigenous people believe, health is more than the individual, it is
There are various politico-economic elements and policies; environmental and employment conditions; social and cultural influences and lifestyle of indigenous Australians which affect their health. Above all, there is poverty which contributes towards their poor health circumstances (Australian Indigenous Health InfoNet, 2014). The Indigenous Australians are powerless and generally face various kinds of deprivation that includes exclusion, material deprivation and unavailability of opportunities for study and employment. They are not capable enough to take part in society: socially, politically and culturally (Public Health Association of Australia, 2001). It is a general concept that when a person does not feel secure, is unemployed, not connected to his/her friends
According to the International Adult Literacy Survey there are a great number of people in Canada that do not have the required literacy skills to fully comprehend written material (Statistics Canada, 2007: 17). However, the internet has a solution. Imbedded within informative websites are often links to activities, videos and simulations which may serve to enable those with lower literacy levels better comprehension of the material at hand. This is evidenced by findings of the International Adult Literacy survey that determined that individuals who use computers generally scored higher in prose literacy defined as the ability to understand and apply concepts learned from text (Statistics Canada, 2005). The internet has the potential to provide these individuals with a better understand the concepts contained within text through the use of multimedia beyond the one dimensional pictures contained in a traditional book. Therefore, the internet serves as a means of transferring knowledge that is more inclusive than traditional print media. Although the internet facilitates the transfer of information, there are concerns about how this information is interpreted and understood.
The World Health Organisation ‘dietary risks’ as the important reason of illness and death in Australia exceeding both smoking and obesity(Browne J, Gleeson D). Arming Indigenous people with quality education would afford them with opportunities to secure better jobs, ensuing quality life through higher incomes and good health. The education sector would need special improvements in the form of genuine cooperation and discussion between Education providers and Indigenous Australians. The foremost emphasis part must be generating alertness among the family as it applies strong inspiration on children’s attitude towards school and ensures attendance, specifically in rural areas. A right step towards this direction is the five year Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Action Plan 2010-2014, in which, education providers would close the educational gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous students through six essential policy requirements. More on, government needs to take some steps with indigenous people. For example by proving free educational campaign and necessary education to all the indigenous students. The indigenous people are more dependent on the government schemes and welfare which resulting in increasing in poverty and unemployment. Why they are more dependent on government because they don’t have much employment opportunities. The AICC [Australian Indigenous Chamber of Commerce (Indigenous Chamber)] was launch to encourage and help the interests of Indigenous Australians through economic individuality. Employment opportunities not only help them financially but they also support them to secure their future and helps to improve standard of living. For greater employment opportunities for Indigenous people. Governments and employers have to work together with them and