Essay on The Achivements of The Islamic Civilization

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The Achievements of The Islamic Civilization

Islam, one of the most successful religions was started by Muhammad in Arabia and had a massive impact on the world. If it weren't for Islam the world would have been a very different place to live in. Muslims didn't always invent things; sometimes they improved on other people's inventions e.g. the number system, the astrolabe and much more. The first Muslims were Arabs and they went on to conquer many countries. They wrote down what they learned from these places and so this knowledge spread to all other Muslims. They became very advanced in art, architecture, science and mathematics and all this knowledge eventually spread to non-Muslim countries.
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The third pillar was Zakat which said that all Muslims should annually give some of their wages to charity. The next pillar, called Saum was the pillar of fasting during the month of Ramadan. This is when the Koran was first shown to Muhammad. The fifth and last pillar was the hajj, the promise to go at least once on a pilgrimage to Mecca.

Muslims also made laws based on their religion called the Shari'a. These laws are based on the Koran and the wise sayings of Muhammad, the Hadith. Muslims were told them over and over again and they were eventually written down. They had to promise to fight to defend Islam. Muslims were not allowed to eat pork, drink alcohol, gamble or lend money for interest.

Muslims realised that if they wanted to expand to other lands they needed a strong army. Their army was successful because it used simple but clever tactics such as showering enemies with javelins. Muslim soldiers were enthusiastic fighters as they would be fighting for the 'great' Muhammad. Some of the countries they fought were weak after other wars so they were easy to defeat. Some people in other countries gave in easily as they were fed up with their rulers and wanted a change. The greatest expansion came under the reign of the Umayyads. They ruled over all the land from France in the west, to India in