The Activity Theory Of Old Age

Decent Essays
Activity theory
The origins of this theory derive from a study by Havighurst, and Albrecht (1953) concerning the activities of old people in America and the problem they face together with the coming of old age.
The activity theory of aging argues that people become more satisfied with life the more active they are. It is assumed that the idea an individual has about itself is based on the activities or roles in which people engage. It has been recognized by the activity theory that the majority of older adults continue with their earlier established roles and life activities, because people’s needs and values continue to remain the same throughout their lives (Moody, 2012:11).
A lot of research supports several aspects of the activity theory.
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Just like the title of this theory suggests, the concept of continuity is seen in a person’s life to be the driving internal and external impulse/force (lifestyle, ideologies, personality - under here beliefs and habits). These guide us to behave continuously throughout the whole duration of our life, and therefore they tend to keep these in old age, even though life is marked by changes and transformations (Moody, 2012, 11).
This means that older adults and middle-aged individuals are keen to make past-related choices that will help them to best accommodate into a new phase of their lives - old age.
Practically speaking, a demonstration of this theory is the fact that we are prone to maintain our personality, ideals and beliefs as well as our external social relations and roles in the entire duration of our life. Modernization theory
When speaking of modernity, the modernization theory of aging is suggesting that the status and role of elderly people decrease as societies develops, industrializes and becomes modern (Moody, 2012, 7). The theory proposes that the status and role are directly connected to the huge development and use of technology in societies nowadays (7). According to Moody (2012) the “... technological change tends to devalue the wisdom or life experience of elders, leading to a loss of status and power.”
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