The Adaptation Model By Sister Calista Roy

797 Words Sep 13th, 2014 4 Pages
The Adaptation Model by Sister Calista Roy is the theory chosen to help develop this study. The theory was developed based on the goal of nursing being to promote adaptation. The key concepts of Roy 's Adaptation Model are made up of four components: person, health, environment, and nursing. According to Roy 's model, a person is a bio-psycho-social being in constant interaction with a changing environment. A person uses innate and acquired mechanisms to adapt. The model includes people as individuals, as well as in groups such as families, organizations, and communities (McEwen & Wills, 2014). This theory coincides with many of the identified issues in the literature reviewed for this study development, the concept of environment and self coincides as nurses adapt to their environments with job satisfaction or dissatisfaction, intent to leave a position or the nursing profession, it also relates to nursing and health of patients, as the problem of high turnover rates affect the care provided. The independent variables in this study are that moral distress and professional stress are directly linked to increased nursing turnover rates (Cummings, 2011). These variables relate to the Roy’s Adaptation Model in that, the nurse experiencing moral distress and professional stress react and interact with this environment (McEwen & Wills, 2014). The dependent variable of high turnover rates relates the Roy’s Model in that the nurse uses acquired and innate mechanisms to adapt…
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